As a kind of material and cultural phenomenon, the emergence and change of Buyi costume always adapt to the social and economic development. Since ancient times, Buyi people have lived in Nanpan River, Hongshui River and its tributaries. The terrain of Buyi area is complex. The high mountains and dangerous places are the natural barriers of each Buyi area. Buyi people developed from ancient Yue people. In general, their costumes retain the ancient characteristics, which is recorded in the book of the old Tang Dynasty, xinanman: "men's left lapels, hair exposed and bare.". Women's horizontal cloth two, wear and run through the first, known as "Tong skirt". The traditional costumes of Buyi Nationality are men's clothes, women's dresses and women's dresses, which are decorated with batik, pick clothes and embroidery patterns. Because Buyi people live in tropical areas, the climate is hot and warm, this loose dress is in line with the climate characteristics.
On November 11, 2014, Buyi costumes were listed in the fourth batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council. On April 5, 2019, Guizhou Wangmo held an exhibition of ethnic costume design to show the beauty of ethnic costumes.
Buyi men and women like to wear blue, green, black, white cloth clothes. Young and middle-aged men often wear headscarves, short skirts (or long skirts) and trousers. Most people wear short or long skirts. Women's clothes vary from place to place. Some wear blue and black pleated skirts. Some like to embroider on their clothes. Some like to wrap their heads with white towels and wear silver bracelets, earrings, collars and other accessories. Women in Huishui and Changshun wear short skirts and trousers, embroidered bibs and plaid cloth bandages. Girls in huaxi area are decorated with "railings" on their clothes and trousers. They wear aprons and headkerchiefs with braids on them. Women in the area of Biandan mountain in Zhenning wear short skirts with big skirts and pleated skirts. The neckline, pan shoulders and sleeves of the top are inlaid with "bars" (i.e. lace). The skirt materials are mostly batik cloth with white background and blue flowers. They are used to wearing several skirts at a time and wearing a black belt with lace. Before marriage, they wore braided hair and flowered headscarf; after marriage, they changed to wear "false shell", made of green cloth and bamboo shell. Bouyei women in Luodian, Wangmo and other places all wear short coats and trousers with big skirts and wide sleeves. Women in Qinglong, Huaxi and other places wear knee length blouses and trousers with lace on the front, neckline and trouser legs, and are embroidered with flower designs on their waists. Most of them are wrapped with Blue Plaid turbans on their heads, and some of them are also wearing thin pointed upward embroidered shoes, and some of them are wearing thin eared straw sandals. In some areas of Duyun, Dushan and Anlong, the clothing of Buyi women is basically the same as that of Han women. Buyi women like to wear silver bracelets or bone bracelets, rings, silver hairpins, collars and other accessories. Some Buyi elderly women still keep their traditional costumes, with basket wrapped cloth on their heads. They wear blue collarless short clothes with wide sleeves and embroidered lace and piping at the seams and lower corners. Most of them wear blue and black pleated skirts, some are blue cloth aprons or embroidered aprons, and their feet are covered with embroidered shoes. The whole set of clothing integrates textile, printing and dyeing, cross stitch and embroidery. Some of the middle-aged women's Baotou have been replaced by white towel. Their top has been changed to a large lapel with a collar. Two or three colored cloth edges have been inlaid along the front and bottom of their left lapel. Silver foam buttons are preferred to be used to decorate the knot before the collar. The cuffs still retain the traditional ancient style. The lower body has been changed to trousers. The shoes covered with flowers have become half valves or small flowers embroidered on the toe of the shoes. After modification, they appear clean, elegant, simple and dignified. The clothing of unmarried young women is similar to that of middle-aged women, but they like to embroider bright patterns on the end of Baotou cloth, which is buried between the top of their heads and the hairpin. Every festival, banquet, women like to wear a variety of earrings, rings, collars, hair pendant and bracelets and other silver.
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