The main symbol of Hui costume is the head. Men all like to wear white round hats. Hui women often wear headsets. The old women of Hui nationality wear black or brown headscarf in winter and white scarf in summer, and have the habit of wearing trouser legs. Young women wear red, green or blue headscarves in winter and red, green and yellow Tulle scarves in summer. The women of Hui nationality in mountainous area like to wear embroidered shoes and have the habit of wearing earrings.
On May 20, 2006, Hui costumes were listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.
Hui people usually call clothes "clothes" and "wearing"
Du Huan of the Tang Dynasty was defeated and captured in a battle with Dashi in the Tang Dynasty. He recorded what he saw and heard in his place, in which he talked about Dashi's clothes: "Dashi is an aguro, and his Dashi king is named Mumen, which is here. The young ladies grew up magnificent, fresh and clean in clothes, and elegant in appearance. A woman will cover her face when she goes out Tie a silver belt and wear a silver knife. Many of these cannibals came to China to do business, and naturally brought this custom of clothing to China. The book of the new Tang dynasty recorded for the first time the image, dress and religious activities of the Islamic people. It is said that "Dashi is the place of Persia. The man's nose is high, the face is black and bearded, and the woman's face is white. When she goes out, she has to face obstacles. On the fifth day, she worships the God of heaven, wears a silver belt, and wears a silver knife..." From these records, we can see that the dress of Muslims, especially Muslim women, who came to China from Arab, Persian and other places, is still very distinctive!
In the Song Dynasty, Zhu or wrote in Ping Zhou Ke Tan: "in Guangzhou Fan Fang, the clothes of fan people are different from those of China..." During the Tang and Song Dynasties, there were a large number of Muslim merchants from Arabia and Persia, generally known as "Fanke", who were the ancestors of Hui nationality. It can be seen that the costumes of the Hui ancestors at that time were different from those of the Han nationality, and they had their own characteristics. Gu Yanwu's book on the benefits and diseases of the prefectures and states under the heaven records more clearly: "in the Song Dynasty, the great wealth of the Tibetan merchants, their costumes were made of pearls, and their utensils were made of gold and silver." It can be seen that they were wearing patterned silk, rings, gold and silver utensils, etc!
The custom of wearing "daisdar" and white hat on the head of Hui men has existed for a long time. Zhou Hui of the Song Dynasty said in his Qingbo biezhi: "layered sandalwood is also a country beside the South China Sea. The nobleman wrapped his head with good cloth. Man's words are like a feast. " In the Yuan Dynasty, the political, economic and cultural status of the Hui people was relatively high. Like other customs, the costumes and customs of the Hui people were free without any restrictions. Those who wore Han costumes, those who wore Arabic and Persian styles, and those who made their own white hats, scarves and shoes began to develop into national costumes. However, in the Ming Dynasty, the dress custom of Hui people began to be restricted. The Huihui people do not wear what they want to wear and how they want to dress according to their beliefs and customs and the clothing styles of their ancestors, combined with the reality of their living development in China, but are forced and restricted by the ruling class. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of the Ming Dynasty, adopted the policy of forbidding "Hu dress" and allowing the Hui people to wear Han dress. In this way, the dress customs formed by the Hui people could not be developed quickly and respected. In the Qing Dynasty, the ruling class had more prejudice against the Hui people.
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The main symbol of Hui costume is the head. Men all like to wear white round hats. Hui women often wear headsets..
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