Hani people mostly live in the west of Yunnan Province. They are a mountain farming people who cultivate terraces and rice. The unique living environment has formed the colorful clothing culture of Hani people. Hani costume is the essence of Hani Traditional Culture. It is not only a simple shelter from the cold and wind, but also a carrier of materialized state to show and recall the heroic achievements of ancestors' migration. It reveals that Hani people's living environment is not the same as their social identity, but also their living environment. Dress culture is colorful and exquisite, which reflects the hard work and wisdom of Hani women.
Brief introduction of Hani Nationality
Hani nationality is one of the oldest ethnic groups in Southwest China, with a total population of more than 1254000. Most of them are distributed in the middle of Honghe River and Lancang River in southern Yunnan Province. Yuanjiang, Mojiang, Honghe, Yuanyang, Jinping, Luchun, Jiangcheng and other counties in Ailao Mountain area are the most concentrated areas of Hani population, accounting for more than half of the local population, accounting for 76% of the total Hani population, and the rest of the population It is distributed in the east of Honghe County. Hani people believe in nature worship and ancestor worship. It has its own language and three dialects, which are quite different from each other and cannot communicate with each other.
The clothing (women) of Budu branch of Hani nationality use black self dyed cloth as top, knee length shorts and leggings. The cloth ends of Baotou are inlaid with exquisite embroidery patterns. The neckline of the clothes is usually equipped with silver pendant, and the waist is wrapped with a belt more than Zhang long.
The colorful costumes (front) of Biyue branch of Hani nationality are matched with colorful patterns and silver ornaments. It's a left cardigan with a long tail and a white pleated skirt. The Biyue branch of Hani nationality is decorated with colorful patterns. Baotou is a black kerchief several feet long, with spikes dragging to the back.
Most of the costumes of the kabie branch (women) of the Hani nationality are made of black self-woven dyed cloth, which is a left cardigan with colored lines embroidered on the collar and from the right shoulder to the left. Baotou is the most distinctive. Its front is inlaid with star map silver bubbles, its back is decorated with ribbon made of colored lines, and its left and right sides are decorated with a silver chain.
There are three parts of Habu's clothing (gaikong) and women's clothing (leg). Most of the ornaments are colored cloth bandages, with silver bubbles set on the headscarf and colored wool tied to the left and right to form tassels; the costumes are full of lapels, with a silver bubble and a multi Flower Silver Medal nailed on a hard cloth board hanging on the chest, short crotch tight legged pants with dog teeth embroidered on the edge of the legs; the legs are covered with embroidered leg hood with multi-color lines.
The clothing of khador branch of Hani nationality (women) is made of black self-woven dyed cloth, the head is disc-shaped, rimmed and capped with various colorful flowers. The top is a left cardigan, embroidered with various colorful patterns and wearing silver ornaments, with a long black skirt.
Hani costumes are various and colorful, with more than 100 different styles. It is suitable for terraced farming and has common embroidery patterns, decorative items and aesthetic colors, which are the basic characteristics of Hani costumes. Hani people regard black as beauty, solemnity and holiness, and regard it as auspicious color, life color and protective color. Therefore, black is the main color of Hani people's clothing. The decorative articles and embroidery patterns on Hani's costumes are in fact the refraction of the geographical environment of their own national living area, and also the remembrance and description of the heroic achievements of their ancestors.
The Amu branch of the Hani nationality is very particular about its costumes, which are exquisitely made and well proportioned as a whole. A set of amu women's clothing can be divided into: Papi (embroidered belt), "pahe" (clothes), "ADA" (embroidered apron), "pachi" (skirt), "Oko" (headband), "oba" (headband), "Paotong" (colorful headband), "Zhushi" (colorful material beads), "Nachi" (earrings), "Nachi" (headband) Each part is decorated with silver ornaments or embroidered with complicated and specific patterns of flowers, birds, fish and insects. The embroidery is exquisite, regular and ingenious.
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