Tujia costume is a kind of unique costume of Tujia people. Because Tujia nationality was earlier Han nationality in history, traditional Tujia costume has basically disappeared. Due to the need of performance, modern Tujia costumes are mostly developed in different styles with a wide variety.
The structural style of Tujia clothing is based on the principle of frugality and practicality. It likes looseness and simple structure, but it pays attention to details. It likes looseness, short pants, large cuffs and trousers. Men, women, young and old all wear collarless right Lapel cardigan with rolling edge. The edge and collar can be embroidered with patterns. The embroidery work is wonderful and the color is gorgeous, which has strong national characteristics.
Different clothing is an important symbol to distinguish different nationalities. With the development of the times and the progress of the society, although Tujia costumes have undergone changes, they still retain the traditional characteristics of their own nation.
Tujia men wear Pipa skirt and green silk headdress. Women wear left Lapel coats, two or three laces, wide sleeves, hemmed trousers or eight skirts. They like to wear all kinds of gold, silver and jade ornaments, but they don't have the silver headdress and silver collar of Miao nationality.
After the Qin and Han Dynasties, Tujia people's costumes have strong national characteristics. The "Wuling man", "Wuxi man" and "good five color clothes" described in the book of the later Han Dynasty show Tujia people's aesthetic tendency of "gorgeous" costumes. By the Southern Song Dynasty, the brocade industry, which had flourished in the Tang Dynasty, had entered its heyday. At the same time, making clothes with colorful brocade had naturally become the favorite of Tujia people. It was described in Ximan Congxiao of the Southern Song Dynasty: "the five color lines are the best, and the literary grace is gorgeous. It is commonly used as quilt, dress or towel, so it is also called Dongbu. " There are also many records in the records of the unified annals of the Ming Dynasty and the annals of Longshan County during the reign of Tongzhi. Tujia people advocated the colorful costumes and customs, which lasted until the Qing Dynasty. Before the change of Tujia, Tujia costumes followed the old custom: "men and women with drooping hair, short clothes with bare feet", "men and women's costumes are all in one type, with the head wrapped in a tattooed scarf, and the skirt covered with lace." (Yongshun Fu Zhi by Qianlong of Qing Dynasty). During the 20 years of Qianlong reign, the image of Tujia nationality was clearly shown in the picture of emperor Qing's tribute for the first time: at this time, some Tujia men in Yongshun, Baojing and other areas had begun to wear pants, with round collar short robes, which reached the thigh, covered with turbans, belts and leggings; while women were "high bun and snail maid", with standing collar short robes inside, double breasted waistcoats and pleats over the knee Skirt, with cloth around the legs.
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