Dai is a unique ethnic minority in Yunnan Province, mainly distributed in the South and west of Yunnan Province. Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Dehong Dai Autonomous Prefecture and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture are the main residential areas of Dai nationality. Dai people live in tropical and subtropical areas, where the climate is warm, the mountains are dense and the products are rich. Dai costumes also fully reflect these geographical characteristics, elegant and beautiful, both practical, but also has a strong sense of decoration, can reflect the love of life, advocate the beauty of the national personality, and folk customs.
Dai People's dress is elegant and beautiful. It is practical and decorative. It reflects the national personality of loving life and advocating the beauty of neutralization. There is little difference in the clothing of men in different places. Generally, they often wear short shirts without collar or big lapel and small sleeves, long tube pants, and white cloth, water red cloth or blue cloth to wrap their hair. Dai women's clothing varies from region to region. Dai women in Xishuangbanna wear various kinds of tight underwear, short shirts with narrow sleeves and no collar. They wear colorful skirts that reach to their feet and are wrapped with exquisite silver belts. Some Dai women in Dehong also wear big skirts and short jackets with gorgeous colors. Some (such as Luxi and Yingjiang) wear white or other light color big skirts and short skirts, and they wear trousers and embroidered skirts At the same time, "Huayao Dai" in Xinping and Yuanjiang wear cardigan and black skirt, which are decorated with colorful cloth strips and silver bubbles and decorated with various patterns. All kinds of Dai women's costumes can show women's graceful posture. Dai women all like to wear long hair and tie it on their heads. Some of them are decorated with combs or flowers. Some of them are decorated with turbans. Some of them are wearing high tubular hats. Some of them are wearing a big hat with a pointed top. Each of them shows its own beauty and is quite unique.
Rich in tropical and subtropical scenery of Dai costumes, but also unique national characteristics. Dai men generally like to wear short shirts with small sleeves without collar or big placket, long tube pants, and white, red or blue cloth to wrap their hair. Tattoo is a common custom, as a part of body decoration. There are tiger, leopard, elephant, lion, dragon, snake and other animals or scriptures, eight trigrams, lines and other patterns. Women's clothing varies from region to region. Before marriage, Dai women in Dehong usually wear light coloured blouses, trousers and a small apron. After marriage, they wear a pair of short shirts, designs or black skirts. Dai women in Xishuangbanna wear tight underwear such as white, tie color or sky blue, round neck and narrow sleeve shirts with large or double breasted, and long skirts with various colors. Dai women all over the country are very particular about hair accessories. Young women often have hair on the top of their heads, but also have hair hanging behind their heads. On weekdays, it is more than wearing a handkerchief or a comb on one's hair. On cold days, it is more than wearing a flower scarf. If the festival is joyous, girls will love flowers and perfume on the hair shop, and then dress up with exquisite dress made of silk, nylon, corduroy and velvet. After bathing at the well by the river, he is slim. The slim Dai girls put their black hair in a bun behind their heads, and put a silver belt between the tight blouse and the floral skirt, which looks like the charm of a classical lady.
Dai men usually don't wear accessories, and occasionally they find a shiny silver bracelet on their wrist. Gold inlaid teeth and silver inlaid teeth are their favorite. They usually take out the best front teeth and replace them with gold or silver dentures. The custom of praying for the past, such as the chest of a peacock, the belly of a lion or a tiger.
There is little difference in Dai men's clothing in different places. Generally, they are simple and generous. Their upper body is a short shirt with no collar and small sleeves, and their lower body is a long trousers with wide waist and no pocket. They usually wrap their heads with white and blue cloth. Some of them wear woolen hats, and they like to wear blankets in cold weather. They often go barefoot all the year round. This kind of clothing is light and comfortable in farming and labor, and the wearer appears healthy and natural when dancing. It retains the ancient characteristics of "clothes on the front", "head wrapped with cloth towel, like hanging backpack, with short knife", but the clothing material has rarely used self-woven "native cloth". Zhongshan suit and suit have become the fashion of Dai young men. Over the past 20 years, there have been small sleeve shirts with a collar, a pair of lapels or a large lapel. The headscarf has been changed into water red, green and pink silk, and the trousers remain the same.
Dai women pay attention to dress, pursue light, beautiful, elegant dress, coordinated clothing color, excellent.
It is a remarkable feature of Dai dress that young women put their long hair on their heads. Dai women wear all kinds of tight underwear on their upper body, light color big skirt or double breasted narrow sleeve shirt on their outer coat, and colorful skirt on their lower body. The skirt is woven with various patterns. Dai women like to wear long hair in a bun, which is decorated with hairpins or flowers. Dai women all like to wear jewelry, which is usually made of gold and silver. Most of them are hollow and engraved with exquisite patterns and patterns. Dai women are generally slim, pure and beautiful, graceful and graceful, so they are known as "Golden Peacock". They are not only beautiful, but also good at dressing up. They dress up one by one with their unique clothes. Dai women generally like to wear short clothes with narrow sleeves and long skirts to show off their slim figure. It's wearing a white or crimson underwear, and a tight jacket with round neck and narrow sleeves. It has a big skirt and a pair of skirts. It has many colors, such as water red, light yellow, light green, snow white, sky blue and so on. By 2000, it was mostly made of Georgette, silk, dacron and other materials. There is almost no gap between the arms of a short shirt with narrow sleeves. Many people like to sew it with meat colored materials. If you don't look carefully, you can't see the sleeves, front and back clothes
She wore a slim skirt with short sleeves and waist length. This kind of dress of Dai women fully shows the beauty of women's chest, waist and buttocks. In addition, the soft and bright colors of the cloth used give people a graceful, natural and elegant feeling no matter they walk or do things. Today's Dai women wear neckless and sleeveless corsets with light color inside (most urban Dai women wear bras), short neckless and thin sleeve corsets outside, and skirt below, short clothes and waist, long skirts and floor. The long skirt is discounted, and the silver belt is usually used to tie it around the waist. If it should show, it will show. If it is restrained, it will show. The female has a clear curve, and her lower limbs are slender, showing her slim posture. Urban women rarely wear scarves. They usually wear bun on the top. They are decorated with flower arrangement, hairpin and cardcomb. The color of the dress is peacock green, light green, flesh red, pink, light yellow and light yellow. Thin and soft Georgette, dacron or brocade silk are often used for sewing. When you go out to attend a meeting or rush to put on fashionable shoes and sandals, hang bags on your elbows, and hold umbrellas in your hands to keep out the hot sun. The style of dress is developed on the basis of absorbing the essence of traditional costumes, moving towards beautiful, light, bright and elegant direction. It further shows the colorful characteristics of peacock feathers in the hometown of peacock.
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