Yunmeng County, subordinate to Xiaogan City, Hubei Province, is an important part of Wuhan city circle. Located in the east of central Hubei Province and the northeast of Jianghan Plain, Yunmeng County covers an area of 604 square kilometers, ranging from 113 ° 37 'e to 113 ° 52' e and 30 ° 45 'n to 31 ° 12' n. as of June 2020, Yunmeng County has jurisdiction over 9 towns and 3 townships with a permanent resident population of 536800 (2017)
Yunmeng got its name from water. It was established in Yunmeng County in the 16th year of the Western Wei Dynasty (550). The Han Dan railway, 316 national highway, Han Shi high speed railway, Han Shi Expressway and Han Yi highway pass through Yunmeng County. There are famous sites of Chu king city and unearthed relics such as Qin tomb bamboo slips in Shuihudi.
Yunmeng county is a national demonstration county of pollution-free vegetable production, a pilot county of chemical fertilizer and pesticide reduction and efficiency enhancement and green prevention and control of vegetable diseases and insect pests in the whole process. It is one of the main vegetable producing areas in Hubei Province, a national demonstration county of agricultural product quality and safety, a national demonstration county of standardized vegetable production, a national demonstration county of green, high-quality and efficient creation of vegetables, a national advanced county of high standard plain greening, and an electronic County in Hubei Province Business into the rural comprehensive demonstration county.
In 2018, the GDP of Yunmeng county is 26 billion yuan, with a total fiscal revenue of 1.974 billion yuan; the local public budget revenue is 1.355 billion yuan, with a 12% comparable increase in fixed asset investment; the total retail sales of social consumer goods is 13.5 billion yuan, with a foreign trade export of 190 million US dollars; the per capita disposable income of urban permanent residents is 33006 yuan, with an increase of 7.5%; and the per capita disposable income of rural permanent residents is 18693 yuan, with an increase of 7.5%.
History of construction
In ancient times, it was the city of Jingzhou.
Zhou, for Jingzhou Ze.
In the spring and Autumn period, it belonged to the state of Yun.
During the Warring States period, it belonged to the state of Chu.
From the Qin Dynasty to the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, Anlu county has always been.
In the 16th year of the Western Wei Dynasty (550), Yunmeng County was set up in the south of Anlu county. The county government was located in Yunmeng city (including the "King City of Chu" in the east of Chengguan).
In 1069, yunmengwei town was incorporated into Anlu County, and in 1086, Yunmeng County was established.
In the first year of Xuanhe of Song Dynasty (1119), Dean Prefecture was upgraded to Dean Prefecture, and Yunmeng County was subordinate to Dean Prefecture.
In 1643, Li Zicheng's uprising Army established political power in Hubei Province and changed Yunmeng County into Guzhou.
In 1645, Yunmeng County was established.
In the Republic of China, Yunmeng County was established as Jianghan Road in Hubei Province.
In 1926, Jianghan Road was abolished and Zhili was established in the province.
In 1932, there were 11 administrative supervision districts in Hubei Province, and Yunmeng County was the Fifth District.
In 1936, the Fifth District was renamed the third district.
In April 1948, Yunxiao County was established under the central Hubei special office of Jianghan District, the liberated area of the Central Plains.
In June 1949, Yunxiao County was renamed Yunmeng County, and was divided into Xiaogan administrative region of Hubei Province.
In November 1959, Xiaogan district was incorporated into Wuhan City, where the city was in charge of the county.
In August 1960, Yunmeng County was merged into Anlu county.
In May 1961, Xiaogan district was restored.
In December 1961, Yunmeng County resumed its organizational system.
In 1970, Xiaogan area was renamed Xiaogan area.
In 1993, Xiaogan was set up as a city.
In the winter of 1949, the villages of wangjiazhaihe, Guanyin Township in the north of Yunmeng County were assigned to Ziwen Township in Anlu county. The villages of Zhou, Zhang, Chen and Xia in Ziwen township of Anlu county are included in Guanyin Township of Yunmeng County. Gaodian and Yonghe 2 Bao in the West Bank of Fu River in the north of Yunmeng County belong to Anlu county. Zhangcun, hujiaxiangzi, Zhouzhai and Hebian, which are to the south of Chengou on the East Bank of Fuhe River, are divided into Yunmeng County from Anlu county.
In June 1950, caijiayuan area on the North Bank of Fuhe River in Hanchuan county and Taihe, diuxin, Zhongle, Sanhe, Hefeng, Houhu and gaochangyuan were included in Yunmeng County. Duzheng township (covering an area of 18 square kilometers) from huzitan to geputan on the West Bank of Fu River in Yunmeng county is included in Yingcheng county.
In 1954, xiaojiabeiyuan, pengjiatai, Xihu village, Donghu village, zhangjiatai and liujiatai in Changmeng Township were included in Xiaogan county.
In November 1955, xiaojiabeiyuan, pengjiatai, Xihu village, Donghu village, zhangjiatai and Liujia were designated back to Yunmeng County. Liujiage town in Hanchuan county is under Yunmeng County, and liujiao and Doukou villages in Xinfu township of Yunmeng County are under Xiaogan county.
By June 2020, Yunmeng County has jurisdiction over 9 towns and 3 townships: Chengguan Town, Yitang Town, Zengdian Town, Wupu Town, Wuluo Town, xiaxindian Town, Daoqiao Town, geputan Town, hujindian Town, daodian Town, Shahe Town and qingminghe town. There are 24 neighborhood committees and 270 village committees. The county government is located at No. 1 Quyang Road, Chengguan town.
Yunmeng county is located in the east of central Hubei Province and the northeast of Jianghan Plain, with Anlu City in the north, Yingcheng City in the west, Hanchuan City in the South and Xiaonan District in the East. It is between 113 ° 37 '- 113 ° 52' e and 30 ° 45 '- 31 ° 12' n, 52.8 km wide from north to South and 19.8 km long from east to west, with a total area of 604 square kilometers.
Yunmeng county is high in the north and low in the south, with little elevation difference. The highest is fengzigang in the northeast, with an altitude of 76.2 meters. The lowest is Beihu embankment in the southeast, with an altitude of 19.0 meters.
Yunmeng county belongs to the transitional climate zone of subtropical monsoon climate zone with four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature is 16 ℃, the average annual sunshine is 1993.6 hours, the average annual rainfall is 1074.5 mm, and the annual frost free period is 247 days.
There are 9 rivers in Yunmeng County, including Fu River and Hanbei river. Fu River flows from the northwest of Yunmeng County through Anlu and runs through the whole county, with a flow of 54 kilometers. Hanbei River crosses the southern end of the county, with a flow of 5.2 km. At the beginning of the founding of the people's Republic of China, there were 27 lakes with an area of 27685 mu.
In 2014, the total land area of Yunmeng County was 60429.32 hectares, the agricultural land area was 47053.82 hectares, accounting for 77.38% of the total land area, the construction land area was 10479.14 hectares, accounting for 17.34% of the total land area, and the other land area was 2896.35 hectares, accounting for 5.28% of the total land area.
Up to 2000, 6 kinds of minerals have been found in Yunmeng County, accounting for 4.4% of 136 kinds of minerals found in the whole province. There are three kinds of mineral resources with proven reserves, of which gypsum content is 50-95%, reserves are 10.485 million tons, rock salt sodium chloride content is 49.41-865%, reserves are 1077.09 million tons. The content of Glauber's salt is 40-80%, and the reserve is 53.59 million tons.
Up to 2000, Yunmeng's forest resources are artificial cultivation and tree planting on all sides. The main tree species are not only local willow, Melia, elm, locust, peach and pear, but also introduced Fatong, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Taxodium ascendens, Larix gmelinii and camphor. The forest coverage rate was 17.2%. There are 52 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine resources, 165 kinds, mainly mulberry, moxa leaf, Yuanhua, Ophiopogon japonicus, medlar, Ligustrum lucidum, motherwort and more than 10 products.
In Yunmeng County, chicken, duck, pig and cattle are the most common animal resources, and a small number of horses, sheep, rabbits and geese are also cultivated. In the 1980s, quail and budgerigar were cultivated in large quantities in the county, which became one of the local economic characteristics. Most of the aquatic resources are fish, mainly including crucian carp, bighead carp, carp, silver carp, grass carp, etc. There are 46 species of wild animals in 4 classes, 9 orders, 10 families, mainly including hare, hedgehog, heron, wild duck, sparrow, magpie, frog, turtle and snake.
Yunmeng county is rich in water resources, which is composed of runoff, groundwater and natural water, with an average annual total of 4.613 billion cubic meters. Among them, river runoff is 4.414 billion cubic meters, groundwater recharge is 22 million cubic meters, and natural gas volume is 177 million cubic meters.
In 2017, Yunmeng county had a permanent population of 536 thousand and 800, with a registered residence of 579 thousand and 100 people and a population density of 957 persons per square kilometer.
In 2017, the GDP of Yunmeng County was 26 billion yuan, an increase of 8%; the total fiscal revenue was 1.974 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5%. The local public budget revenue was 1.355 billion yuan, an increase of 8%. Fixed asset investment increased by 12%, and the per capita disposable income of urban permanent residents was 33006 yuan, an increase of 7.5%. The per capita disposable income of rural permanent residents was 18693 yuan, an increase of 7.5%.
In 2018, the GDP of Yunmeng County was 26 billion yuan, an increase of 8%. The total fiscal revenue was 1.974 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5%. The local public budget revenue was 1.355 billion yuan, an increase of 8%. Fixed asset investment increased by 12%, and the total retail sales of social consumer goods reached 13.5 billion yuan, an increase of 11.2%. Foreign trade exports reached 190 million US dollars, an increase of 8.2%. The per capita disposable income of urban permanent residents was 33006 yuan, an increase of 7.5%. The per capita disposable income of rural permanent residents was 18693 yuan, an increase of 7.5%.
In 2017, there were 150 industrial enterprises above Designated Size in Yunmeng County, with 7 losses. The total industrial output value was 40658.57 million yuan, the industrial sales output value was 39951.7 million yuan, the export delivery value was 89.31 million yuan, the fixed assets was 3290.95 million yuan, and the asset impairment loss was 78.72 million yuan.
In 2017, Yunmeng County added 7 provincial and municipal key leading enterprises, listed enterprises settled in Yunmeng, and the project is about to be completed and put into operation. Yunmeng cauliflower
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