Due to the influence of other nationalities, the costumes of the Pumi nationality are slightly different, but their basic characteristics are the same.
The Pumi nationality used to be a branch of the Diqiang people, a nomadic tribe in the northwest Qinghai Tibet Plateau. Now they mainly live in Lanping, Lijiang, Weixi, Yongsheng and Ninglang counties in Yunnan Province. "Large dispersion, small concentration" is the distribution characteristics of the Pumi nationality, with a total of more than 29000 people. The Pumi people worship nature, ancestors and polytheism. A few people also believe in Taoism and Tibetan Buddhism. Each village has a forest as a fixed "God forest" as a place for ancestor worship of the whole village, which is regarded as sacred and inviolable. The Pumi nationality has its own language, belonging to the Qiang branch of the Tibeto Burman language family of the Sino Tibetan language family. There is little difference in dialects. Generally speaking, they can communicate with each other. Many Pumi people also know the languages of Han, Bai, Naxi, Tibetan and other nationalities. The Pumi nationality has its own language, belonging to the Qiang branch of the Tibeto Burman language family of the Sino Tibetan language family. There is little difference in dialects. Generally speaking, they can talk to each other. In the past, the Pumi people in Ninglang and Muli used the Tibetan Alphabet to spell the Pumi language to record their own historical legends, stories and ballads, but it is not widely spread. Later, it was used by witches to write scriptures. Nowadays, Chinese is widely used in the Pumi area. In the past, the Pumi people in Ninglang and Muli used the Tibetan Alphabet to spell the Pumi language to record the national historical legends, stories and ballads, but it is not widely spread. Later, it was used by witches to write scriptures. Nowadays, most of the Pumi areas use Chinese, and they generally use Chinese characters. Pumi people are good at raising livestock and grazing, and animal husbandry is developed. Hunting is often a collective activity of men, and the prey is distributed equally.
Pumi people have lived together with Naxi, Yi, Tibetan and other nationalities for a long time, and their clothing and headwear have absorbed the characteristics of other nationalities' clothing. The Pumi women in Ninglang and Yongsheng areas like to wrap yak tail and silk thread in their long hair to form a thick braid on their heads, and then wrap a long head kerchief around their heads. The beauty of Baotou is big. They wear a high collar right cardigan, a wide pleated skirt, a wide band of wool with red, yellow, green and blue stripes around their waists, and some also wear a pure white long wool sheepskin on their backs. In the middle of the skirt, a red thread is usually embroidered horizontally. They said that this is the route of ancestors' migration. After death, people need to follow this road to find their own destination, otherwise they can't go back to their hometown. The unmarried women in Lanping area use sky blue embroidered handkerchief to wrap their hair, with a bunch of red wool hanging over the handkerchief, which is the sign of unmarried. Married women use long black handkerchief to wrap their hair. Some like to wear red and white beads, some like to wear earrings and silver rings. Rich families also hang coral, agate and beads around their necks, wear silver chains with "three whiskers" and "five whiskers" on their chests, and wear bracelets and gem rings. Women can use waist loom and horizontal loom with simple structure to weave exquisite patterns of homespun cloth. Under the influence of Tibetan clothing, men wear a large collar top, a fur coat, a belt, trousers and leather boots. When the weather is hot, take off the leather robe to the waist and tie the sleeves in front of the body. He was wearing a leather hat with a long knife at his waist. The traditional men's clothing of Pumi nationality is linen short clothes and wide trousers. In cold weather, they are covered with wool shoulders and gaiters.
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