Gao Ang (501-538), named Ao Cao, was born in Bo Hai county (now Jing County, Hebei Province). During the northern and Southern Dynasties, he was a famous general of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, the third son of Gao Yi, the governor of Eastern Jizhou, and the younger brother of Sikong Gaoqian.
The horse is peerless, brave and invincible. At that time, people are better than Xiang Yu, the overlord of Chu. Follow elder brother Gao Qian to fight in response to ge Rong's uprising. Later, he surrendered to the imperial court and granted Wucheng County Bo. After Yuan Ziyou, the emperor of Xiaozhuang, was killed, he joined forces with Gao Huan in Xindu to openly oppose Er Zhu. Five thousand people who once rode on Dapo Er Zhu Yu for more than ten years.
In the second year of Yongxi (533), after Gao Qian was defeated and killed, he defected to the General Gao Huan and fought in all directions, including situ and hussars, and became the Marquis of Jue Wucheng county.
In the first year of the Yuan Dynasty (538), Yu Wentai, the Prime Minister of the Western Wei Dynasty, defeated the enemy and was killed in Heyang. At the age of 37, he was presented to the lieutenant general, the grand master and the grand Sima with the posthumous title of Zhongwu. In the first year of the emperor's founding, he was posthumously granted the title of Yongchang king, with the right to enjoy the Shizong temple.
|Ethnic groups||Han nationality|
|birthplace||Bo Hai County|
|date of birth||501 years|
|Date of death||538 years|
|Main works||"Season style poem for brother", etc|
|Major achievements||Fight against Erzhu with Gao Qian|
|Official position||Situ, Hussars general|
|Title||Jingzhao Jungong → Yongchang King|
Chinese PinYin : Gao Ang
Gao Ao Cao was heroic when he was young. When he grew up, he was forthright and bold. His father Gao Yi asked for a strict teacher and ordered him to beat Gao Ao Cao severely. Gao Ao Cao disobeyed his teacher's instruction and made trouble everywhere. He often said, "a man should run around the world and seek wealth and honor. Who can sit up and study and be an old doctor."
After that, Gao aocao plundered around with his brother Gao Qian, and dumped all his possessions to summon swordsmen. The people in the countryside are in great awe of them and dare not disobey them. Gao Yi often said to humanity, "if this child doesn't kill my family, he will be able to honor his ancestors and won't just be a hero in the state."
Because Gao AO and Cao brothers often loot everywhere, Gao Yi is also implicated and is often locked up in prison. They can only come out in case of amnesty. Gao Yi once said to humanity, "all my four sons have five eyes (five eyes, Buddhist term, here to describe fear). After I die, I don't know if there are any sons to add soil to me?" After Gao Yi died, Gao Ao Cao raised a grave for his father and said, "you were afraid that no one would add soil to you after death. Now you know my ability."
In the first year of Jianyi (528), Gao Qian and Gao aocao gathered people to fight in Heji, accepted Ge Rong's rank, and repeatedly defeated the Northern Wei army. Later, Gao Qian surrendered to the court because of his old friendship with yuanziyou, Emperor Xiaozhuang of the Northern Wei Dynasty. Gao aocao was appointed as the Minister of Tongzhi Sanqi and granted the title of Bo in Wucheng county.
Er zhurong thought that the Gao brothers betrayed first and then demoted. They should not hold important official positions, so he dismissed them from the countryside. The Gao brothers secretly collected warriors in the countryside and continued to raid. After hearing this, er Zhu Rongrong secretly ordered the assassin Zhong Zong of the Yuan Dynasty to lure Gao aocao into captivity and imprisoned him in Jinyang (now Taiyuan, Shanxi) together with Xue Xiuyi.
In the third year of Yong'an (530), er zhurong entered Luoyang, mastered the military and political power of the Northern Wei Dynasty, took Gao aocao with him, and imprisoned him in the camel department. Soon, er zhurong was seduced and killed by Emperor Xiaozhuang, and Gao aocao was released. After hearing the news, the Erzhu family set up troops everywhere and besieged Luoyang. Emperor Xiaozhuang personally went to Daxia gate to command the resistance. At that time, Cao Gang, Gao Ao, was released. Feeling the kindness of emperor Xiaozhuang, he personally fought and led the army with his nephew Gao Changming and others.
Later, Gao Qian rushed to Luoyang from east Jizhou. Emperor Xiaozhuang appointed Gao Qian as the ambassador of Hebei and Gao Ao Cao as the general of Zhige, and asked them to return to their hometown and gather local songs for support. When the Gao brothers were leaving, Emperor Xiaozhuang sent them to the Yellow River, raised his wine glass, pointed to the river and said, "your brother is a hero in Jizhou, and he will surely let the soldiers die. If there is any change in the capital, you can support me." Gao Qian accepted the imperial edict with tears. Gao Ao Cao drew his sword and danced, vowing to die for the emperor.
In the first year of Putai (531), Gao Ao Cao heard that the city of Luoyang was broken and Emperor Xiaozhuang was killed, so he and his father and brother set up troops in Xindu (now Xingtai, Hebei). Zhu Yusheng, the governor of Yinzhou, led five thousand troops and horses to attack Xindu. Gao aocao had no time to wear armor, so he led more than ten horses to fight. Fearing that he might lose, Gao Qian lowered 500 people with ropes in the city to help pursue Gao aocao. At this time, Gao aocao had defeated Er Zhu Yusheng.
Soon after, Feng Longzhi and Gao Qian contacted Gao Huan, the governor of Jinzhou, to oppose Erzhu, and opened the door to accept them. At that time, Gao aocao was fighting outside. After hearing this, he was dissatisfied and thought Gao Qian was weak. He regarded him as a woman and sent a cloth skirt to humiliate him. Gao Huan sent Gao Cheng, the eldest son of Gao Huan, to meet with his descendants. Gao Ao Cao then returned to Xindu with Gao Cheng.
In October, Gao Huan established anding Wang Yuanlang as emperor. Gao aocao was appointed as the envoy, general of Hussars and governor of Jizhou. He still served as the metropolitan governor and broke erzhuzhao with Gao Huan in guang'a (now Longyao East, Hebei). In 532 (the second year of Zhongxing), Gao Ao Cao fought with Gao Huan and ER Zhuzhao in Hanling (now the northeast of Anyang, Henan). At that time, General Wang taotang and Dongfang Lao of Cao Department of Gao Ao were all Han people. Gao Huan said, "governor Gao, all the people you led are the children of the Han nationality. I'm afraid it's not helpful. I think it's OK to score more than 1000 Xianbei soldiers. What do you think?" Cao Gao Ao replied, "I have been trained in these episodes for a long time, and my combat effectiveness is not weaker than that of Xianbei in previous battles. Now if I join Xianbei people, the military situation can not be coordinated, and if I win, I will fight for merit, and if I lose, I will be blamed. I am willing to lead the Han Army, and I don't need to be matched with Xianbei people." Gao Huan agreed to his request. After the war between the two armies, Gao Huan was in a disadvantageous battle, led the army to retreat, and ER Zhuzhao pursued while winning. At this time, Gao Yue led 500 cavalry to charge in front, and Hu ludun then called the defeated soldiers. Gao aocao and Cai Jun led 1000 troops and horses to attack from the chestnut garden, cut off er Zhuzhao's army and defeated the enemy. Soon, Gao Ao Cao Jiafeng was appointed as a minister, opened his house and became a Marquis of Wucheng county.
In the second year of Yongxi (533), Emperor Xiaowu of Wei Yuan Xiu killed Gao Qian and secretly ordered pan Shaoye, the governor of East Xuzhou, to kill Gao aocao. At that time, Gao aocao already knew that Gao Qian was killed, so he could ambush troops and horses in the middle of the way, capture pan Shaoye alive, and then lead more than a dozen people to Jinyang. When Gao Huan saw Gao Ao Cao, he hugged him and cried bitterly, "the son of heaven has wronged Sikong."
In the third year of Yongxi (534), Gao Huan led his army to attack Luoyang in the south in the name of killing Hu Sichun, and ordered Gao Ao Cao as the pioneer. Emperor Xiaowu fled to Guanzhong and attached himself to Yu Wentai. Gao Ao Cao led another 500 light cavalry to catch up and didn't return until Gu Shaanxi. Soon, Gao Ao Cao served as the governor of Yuzhou, calming the local forces that the three Jingzhou states refused to belong to.
In October, Gao Huanli made yuan Shanjian, the son of King Qinghe, emperor of Xiaojing, moved his capital to Yecheng (now the southwest of Linzhang, Hebei), and appointed Gao Ao Cao as the lieutenant general and Sikong. Gao aocao refused to serve as Sikong because his brother Gao Qian died as Sikong and was changed to situ.
In the fourth year of Tianping (537), Gao Ao Cao was appointed as the governor of Southwest Taoism and led his army to attack Shangluo (now Shangxian County, Shaanxi). When crossing the river, he worshipped the river god: "Hebo is the God in the water, and Gao Ao Cao is the tiger on the earth. Today, he passed your territory, so I'll have a good drink with you." At that time, the mountain roads were steep and narrow, and Bako held fast to them. Gao Ao Cao moved forward and no one could stop him.
At this time, Quan Yue, Quan menglue from Shangluo and Du Huo from Shunyang conspired to go out of the city to respond to Gao aocao. They were informed by the assassin Quan enterprise. As a result, Quan Yue and Quan menglue were killed. After Du Huo escaped, he went to Gao aocao. Gao Ao Cao, guided by Du Huo, attacked the city for more than ten days and finally conquered Shangluo.
After Gao aocao captured Shangluo, he wanted to enter Lantian pass again. At this time, Dou Tai was defeated, and Gao Huan asked Gao Ao Cao Dan to ride back. Gao Ao Cao couldn't bear to abandon the troops. After fighting hard, he finally returned with all his troops. At that time, Gao Ao Cao was shot in the middle of the body and was seriously injured. He said to humanity, "I have no regrets about my death, but it's a pity that I can't see Ji Shi as an assassin." After Gao Huan learned that, he immediately appointed Gao Jishi as the governor of Jeju.
After Cao Gao Ao returned to the army, he still served as the military commander and governor, and led 76 governors to practice in the tiger prison with Hou Jing, Ren Xiang and others. Later, Gao Huan attacked Pujin (now Yongji, Shanxi) and asked Gao Ao Cao to attack Henan. At that time, there was a famine in Guanzhong, and Yu Wentai had less than 10000 people. When he learned that Gao Huan had entered the army, he withdrew his troops and entered Guanzhong. Gao AO and Cao Jin surrounded hengnong. Later, they heard that Gao Huan was defeated and retreated to Luoyang. Soon after, general Du Guxin of the Western Wei Dynasty entered Xin'an (now Yicheng, Shanxi), and Gao aocao had to retreat to the north of the Yellow River.
In the first year of Yuanxiang (538), Gao AO and Cao Jin sealed the Duke of Jingzhao County, and besieged Jin Yong with Hou Jing and others. Yu Wentai came to the rescue. At that time, Gao Ao Cao killed Jing Zhao, a domestic slave, because he was a minor. Jing Zhao said, "I have saved you from danger three times. How can you kill me because of your minor sins." That night, Gao Ao cao meng came to Jingzhao and smeared blood on himself. When he woke up, he was angry and ordered someone to break Jingzhao's legs.
Gao Ao Cao has always looked down on Yu Wentai and ordered people to put up banners and umbrella covers and straddle their horses. The Western Wei army concentrated its troops to besiege Gao Ao Cao. Gao Ao Cao's whole army was covered, broke through the siege alone and fled to Heyang city. Gao Yongle, the governor of Heyang, had an old grudge with Gao aocao. He closed the gate and didn't let him into the city. Gao aocao asked the city to put a rope down. Seeing that he was ignored, he drew a knife and cut down the gate. The gate had not been opened, and the pursuers had arrived. Gao aocao had to hide under the moat bridge. When the pursuers saw that Gao aocao's slaves were holding a gold belt, they asked him about Gao aocao's whereabouts. Seeing that the slaves pointed out his hiding place, Gao Ao Cao knew that he would inevitably die, so he raised his head and said to the pursuers, "come on! Give you a title of founding Duke." The pursuers cut off his head and left at the age of 38. Gao Huan learned that Gao Ao Cao died in the war, like losing his liver and courage. He took the staff to blame Gao Yongle's 200 military staff. He also posthumously sealed Gao Ao Cao as a grand master, a great Sima, a grand lieutenant, a Book of records and a history of Jizhou. His posthumous Title was Zhongwu.
In the first year of emperor Jian (560), Gao Yan, the Xiaozhao emperor of the Northern Qi Dynasty, granted Gao Ao Cao the title of King Yongchang and placed his spirit throne in the mausoleum and temple of emperor Shizong Gaocheng.
Li Baiyao: no one has the capital of earth. It's magnificent to rise up in Heshuo and take revenge on the emperor of Xuezhuang! Since he conquered benfan, he became his enemy, and Han Fu, a different husband, deterred yuan shaozhiwei. However, thanks to Shixiong is not the life of the world. It is to welcome the flag and use ye bentu. Because of this, Gaozu became a overlord. With great courage and strength, Qi crowns all things. Under Han Ling, the wind flies and shocks. However, Qi's yuan skill is just one. But not Yingchuan Yuancong, a different and abundant old friend, has not been allowed. There is no better way to expose its enlightenment and neglect than to kill heaven with false hands.
Li Yanshou: ① there is no such thing as a horse in the world. There is no difference between the left and the right. When there are hundreds of times, people are better than them. ② The brothers qianyong, who did not rank in the capital of the earth, worked hard in Heshuo and took part in the king's actions. Because of their divine force, they became overlord. But not Yingchuan Yuancong, a different and abundant old friend, has not been allowed. If you expose the danger, you will be punished by heaven with false hands. It is extremely useless. Don't go too far. The courage and strength of Ang is the crown of Qi. Under Han Ling, the wind flies and shocks. However, Qi's yuan skill is just one. The rest are called clouds.
Zheng Guanying: in ancient times, the so-called generals were called Confucian generals, great generals, talented generals and war generals. Yingbu, Wang Ba, Zhang Liao, Liu Guzhi, Cao Jingzong, Gao aocao, Zhou Dewei, Kuo temu'er, and so on.
"Poems of the Northern Qi Dynasty" includes three poems: Poems on the expedition, difficult journey for sun Teng, an assassin of Xiangzhou and joining the army, and Ji style poems for his younger brother
Gao aocao once played the game of holding a table with Zheng Yanzu, the governor of North Yuzhou. Liu GUI, the imperial historian, sent someone to call Zheng Yanzu. Gao Ao Cao did not let Zheng Yanzu go, but also locked Liu GUI's messenger in wooden chains. The messenger said, "it's easy to lock me with wooden chains, but it's difficult to open them for me." Gao Ao Cao pulled out his knife, cut off the messenger's neck along the wooden yoke, and then said, "what's so difficult?" Liu GUI dared not pursue the matter. The next day, Gao aocao and Liu GUI sat together. Someone came in and reported that many migrant workers in the management of the Yellow River had been drowned. Liu GUI said, "Han people who are only worth one money will die if they die!" Gao Ao Cao was so angry that he drew his knife and cut at Liu GUI. Liu GUI ran back to the barracks. Gao Ao Cao ordered people to play drums and assemble the army to attack Liu GUI's camp. After the persuasion of Hou Jing and Wan jiluo, Gao AO and Cao Fang gave up.
At that time, Xianbei people generally despised the Han people, but they were only afraid of Gao Ao Cao. Gao Huan usually used Xianbei language when giving orders to the soldiers, but as long as Gao Ao Cao was there, he changed to Chinese. Gao aocao once went to the prime minister's residence and broke in without notice. The gatekeeper wouldn't let him in. Gao aocao shot him to death on the spot. After Gao Huan knew it, he didn't blame Gao Ao Cao.
Gao Yi has successively served as the governor of Bohai Sea, the governor of dongjizhou and the general of Zhendong, and was granted the Marquis of Lecheng county.
Gao Qian, Gao Ao, Cao's elder brother, served as the Duke of Changle County and was later sentenced to death by Emperor Xiaowu of the Northern Wei Dynasty.
Gao Shen, Gao Ao, Cao Ci's elder brother, was appointed as a sergeant and situ after Gao Cheng conspired to seize his wife and defected to the Western Wei Dynasty.
Gao Jishi, the fourth younger brother of Cao Gao AO and the official Zhiyi Tongsan division, was granted the county son of the surname of Cheng and presented as a posthumous gift to the governor of Shizhong and Jizhou.
Gao Tuqi attacked the Duke of Jingzhao county and died early.
Gao daohuo, the third son of Gao Ao Cao, attacked the Duke of Jingzhao County, and later attacked the king of Yongchang, granting kaifuyi the same three divisions.
Book of the Northern Qi Dynasty, Vol. 11, biography No. 13
Northern History Volume 31 biographies No. 19
"Zizhi Tongjian · volume 152 · Liang Jiba"
"Zizhi Tongjian · volume 154 · Liang Ji 10"
"Zizhi Tongjian · Volume 155 · Liang Ji 11"
"Zizhi Tongjian · Volume 156 · Liang Ji 12"
"Zizhi Tongjian · Volume 157 · Liang Ji 13"
"Zizhi Tongjian · volume 158 · Liang Ji 14"
Du bin. Du Bin
Ding Ting. Ding Ting
Emperor Xiaowen. Xiao Wen Di
Li Gongpu. Li Gong Pu
Fang Xuanling. Fang Xuan Ling
Zheng Yucheng. Zheng Yu Cheng
Liu Shao. Liu Shao
Wang Kuang. Wang Kuang
Zhou Zhun. Zhou Zhun