colleges and universities
At the beginning of the school
The predecessor of Beijing Foreign Studies University is the Russian language brigade of the third branch of the Chinese people's Anti Japanese military and Political University, which was founded in Yan'an in 1941.
The predecessor of the Chinese people's Anti Japanese military and political university is the Chinese people's Anti Japanese Red Army University established in Ruijin, Jiangxi Province. It was founded in Wayaobao, Northern Shaanxi Province on June 1, 1936. Chairman of the Education Committee of the national anti Japanese university is Mao Zedong, with Lin Biao as the president and Liu Bocheng as the vice president. At first, the students of the Anti Japanese university were mainly middle and senior cadres of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army. Later, they also recruited patriotic youths who rushed to Yan'an from outside the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region.
In March 1941, in order to strengthen exchanges and cooperation with the Soviet Union, a Russian language team was established at the third branch of the Chinese people's Anti Japanese military and Political University in Yan'an, and then developed into a Russian language Brigade (subordinate to the first, second and third teams).
In December 1941, the Russian language brigade was transferred to the Department of Russian arts of Yan'an military academy. The president was Xu Qianqian and later Chen Bojun.
In June 1942, the Russian Language Department of the military academy was adjusted to the Russian Language School of the CMC.
In June 1944, the school added an English Department, so it was renamed Yan'an foreign language school. The school persisted in running the school under extremely difficult war conditions, trained a large number of military translators and foreign language talents for the Communist Party of China, and also reserved a number of foreign affairs cadres for new China.
In August 1945, after the victory of the Anti Japanese War, the teachers and students of Yan'an foreign language school left Yan'an in batches and went to the northeast and North China liberated areas.
In January 1946, some teachers and students of Yan'an foreign language school, who arrived in Zhangjiakou, set up the Department of foreign languages in the school of literature and art of North China United University.
In June 1946, the teachers and students of the foreign language cadre training class of the Shanxi Chahar Hebei military and political cadre school were transferred to North China United University to establish a foreign language college together with the Foreign Language Department of North China United University.
In December 1946, because of the war, the school was transferred to Luku village, Shulu County, central Hebei Province.
In May 1948, the school moved to Zhengding County, Hebei Province.
In June 1948, the foreign affairs school was established on the basis of teachers and students from the English Department of the school of foreign languages, North China United University. The school is located in Nanhai mountain village, Huolu County, central Hebei Province.
In August 1948, North China United University and North China University merged and renamed North China University. The school of foreign languages of United University and the foreign language class of North University are merged into the Foreign Language Department of the second Department of Huada.
After the liberation of Peking in January 1949, the second Department of North China University entered the city in February. In June, the second foreign language department of North China University merged with the foreign affairs school, and the school was renamed foreign language school. After the victory of the liberation war, the foreign affairs school and the second Department of North China University entered Beijing and merged into a foreign language school.
In the early days of the people's Republic of China
On October 1, 1949, more than 1000 teachers and students of the whole school went to Tiananmen Square to participate in the founding ceremony. When Chairman Mao saw the teachers and students of other schools on the Tiananmen square tower, he yelled "long live the comrades of the foreign language school!"
In February 1953, the Spanish group was set up in the foreign language school, which was combined with German and French to form the Department of German and French.
In the summer of 1953, the school participated in the "national unified enrollment" for the first time, and the length of schooling was changed from three years to four years. The first four-year freshmen mainly recruited senior high school graduates from Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Nanjing and other big cities, with a total of 94 freshmen. The student implements the grant system.
In August 1954, the foreign language school was renamed Beijing Institute of foreign languages after the Ministry of higher education submitted a petition to the State Council for approval. In terms of teaching, we have learned from the Soviet Union, carried out practice and innovation, and gradually established a foreign language education system with distinctive characteristics.
Since June 1957, in accordance with the decision of the Ministry of higher education, Beiwai no longer adopts the method of selection and recommendation to enroll new students, but adopts the method of examination in advance.
In September 1956, according to the Sino Romanian cultural agreement, the Romanian major was added to Beijing Institute of foreign languages.
In February 1959, according to the decision of the central government, Beijing Institute of foreign languages and Beijing Institute of Russian were merged into a new Beijing Institute of foreign languages, with six departments, eight majors and a preparatory department for studying in the Soviet Union.
(< I history of Beijing Institute of Russian Studies < / I < I remarks: < / I in October 1949, Beijing Russian school was established and attached to the translation and Translation Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. Shi Zhe, director and deputy director of the translation and Translation Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and Zhang Xiyu, vice president of the school. Under the unified leadership of the Bureau and school, the relationship between the school and the party was subordinate to the Party committee of the organ directly under the CPC Central Committee (at that time, Yang Shangkun, director of the general office of the CPC Central Committee, was the Secretary). In February 1951, the Russian Department of the foreign language school was merged into the Russian specialized school in Beijing. In March 1952, the preparatory department for studying in the Soviet Union was set up in Beijing Russian school. In June 1955, after the Ministry of higher education submitted a petition to the State Council for approval, Beijing Russian school was transformed into Beijing Russian University. In July 1955, the Russian Department of Renmin University of China was incorporated into Beijing Institute of Russian. In August 1956, the Polish and Czech language classes of Peking University were transferred to Beijing Institute of Russian to establish the Department of polish and Czech languages. In February 1959, Beijing Institute of Russian was incorporated into Beijing Institute of foreign languages. In the early days of its establishment, the Russian college was located at No. 13, Nankuan street, Xicheng District, Beijing. Later, it moved to No. 21, Baojia street, the former site of Prince Chun Qin's residence in Taiping Lake (the birthplace of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty). In 1955, it moved to the new campus of Suzhou street, Weigong Village, western suburb. At the beginning of the establishment of the Russian college, there were three classes with a total of 70 students. By early 1950, it had expanded to six classes. In 1951, Russia joined the second ministry and the third ministry. At the beginning of the school, Chairman Mao revised and inscribed the name of the Russian specialized school.)
In September 1959, Beijing Beiwai affiliated foreign language school was established.
In September 1960, the preparatory department for studying in the Soviet Union was abolished and an office for foreign students was established.
In August 1962, the Asian African language family was officially established. German and Eastern European languages merged.
In September 1964, Beijing Institute of foreign languages developed into a college of foreign languages with the largest number of languages in China, with six departments and 27 languages.
Ten years of the Cultural Revolution
In June 1966, the Cultural Revolution began, forced to suspend classes, stop enrollment.
At the end of 1968, in order to protect and reserve foreign language talents, Premier Zhou instructed that the students of the 67th and 68th classes should be organized by the Ministry of foreign affairs to work in several farms of the Beijing Army in Tangshan area. At the same time, the school sent foreign language teachers for teaching and guidance.
In April 1970, the school moved to Shayang, Hubei Province to set up the May 7th cadre school.
In August 1971, enrollment was resumed. In October of the same year, the first batch of 800 workers, peasants and soldiers enrolled in the school, holding the first opening ceremony since the "Cultural Revolution".
In the six years from 1971 to 1976, Beiwai recruited 2190 workers, peasants and soldiers.
In August 1972, the whole school moved back to Beijing. In the past ten years, the college has undertaken the task of compiling 18 dictionaries, including Chinese English dictionary, Chinese German Dictionary and Western Chinese dictionary, and has been listed in the national publishing plan.
Reform and development
In July 1977, the unified enrollment after examination was restored. In October 1977, the first batch of 256 new students enrolled after the examination.
In 1978, the college resumed graduate education and began to recruit graduate students. Beiwai has become one of the first batch of institutions with the right to confer master's and doctor's degrees in China.
In November 1981, the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council approved the six majors of English, Russian, French, German, Spanish and Arabic of Beijing Institute of foreign languages as the master's degree authorization points, the doctoral degree authorization points of English majors, and Professor Wang Zuoliang and Xu Guozhang as the doctoral tutors. As a result, Beiwai has become one of the first batch of units in China with the right to confer master's and doctor's degrees.
In December 1981, the Ministry of Chinese for foreign students was officially established.
In June 1983, the University opened a three-year night university with English, Russian, German, French, Spanish, Japanese, Arabic and other languages.
In September 1983, entrusted by the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee and the Ministry of education, the "international cultural exchange class" was held.
In March 1984, the Institute of foreign languages and the Institute of foreign literature were established.
In September 1984, the major of "Turkish" was established. So far, there are 28 languages in the hospital.
In September 1984, the Chinese language department for foreign students and the Chinese language teaching and Research Office directly under it were merged into the Chinese language department. At the same time, the United Nations interpreter training course was established independently and changed into the United Nations interpreter training department.
In October 1984, the correspondence Department opened.
In September 1985, the "Beijing Japan studies research center" and the "overseas personnel training department" were established.
In October 1985, due to the heavy burden of the English Department, the second English Department was established. In the same year, two majors, Chinese as a foreign language and library information management, were added, and enrollment began that year.
Looking to the future
In 1994, with the approval of the former State Education Commission (now the Ministry of Education), the University changed its name to Beijing Foreign Studies University.
In 1998, the former school of international exchange and the school of Chinese at Beijing Foreign Studies University merged to form a new school of international exchange.
In 2001, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of Beijing Foreign Studies University, the College of English was established on the basis of the former English Department, which now includes English Department, foreign affairs department, journalism and communication department and law department. The international business school and the British department were also established at this time. After the adjustment, the number of secondary education institutions has been reduced from 19 to 16.
2002, English language
Chinese PinYin : Bei Jing Wai Guo Yu Da Xue
Beijing Foreign Studies University
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