Yue Opera (Yu è J ù in Chinese Pinyin, Yue Opera in English) is the second largest type of opera in China. It is also known as Shaoxing opera. It is also known as "the most popular local opera". Some people think it is the "largest local opera" and is known as "Chinese opera" abroad. Together with Beijing opera, Huangmei Opera, Pingju opera and Henan opera, it is one of the five major operas in China and one of the Han operas. Shaoxing opera originated in Shengzhou, Shaoxing, and developed in Hangzhou and Shanghai successively. It is popular all over the country and spread all over the world. In its development, it has absorbed the achievements of Kunqu Opera, modern opera, Shaoxing opera and other characteristic operas, and has experienced a historical evolution from male to female.
Yueju Opera is good at lyricism, mainly singing, with beautiful voice, real and moving performance, aestheticism and elegance, which is very beautiful in the south of the Yangtze River. It is mainly popular in Zhejiang, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Fujian, Jiangxi, Anhui and other southern regions, as well as most northern regions such as Beijing and Tianjin. In its heyday, there were professional troupes all over the country except Tibet, Guangdong, Guangxi and other provinces and autonomous regions.
On May 20, 2006, Yue opera was listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council
On October 2, 2019, Yue Opera participated in the 2019 Chinese opera culture week.
In November 2019, the list of national intangible cultural heritage representative project protection units was announced, and Shanghai Yueju Art Academy (Shanghai Yueju Academy) and Shengzhou Yueju art protection and inheritance center were qualified as Yueju project protection units.
In May 2020, it will be included in the first batch of "Zhejiang cultural imprint" list.
The origin of the name
"Yue Opera" originated in Shengzhou, Zhejiang Province in the late Qing Dynasty (named after the seat of Yue State in the spring and Autumn period). At first, it was developed from "singing on the ground" of Quyi. Later, it was also called "women's Keban", "Shaoxing women's Wenxi", "DIDU ban", "Caotai ban Xi", "Xiaoge ban", "Shaoxing opera", "Shaoxing Wenxi", "Shaoer Xiaoge ban", "Shaoxing opera", "Shengju", etc "Shanju" and so on. It was called "Yue Opera" for the first time. On September 17, 1925, the "de Du Ban" performed in the small world playground was called "Yue Opera" in the advertisement of Shenbao for the first time. Since 1938, most troupes and troupes have been called "Yue Opera". However, the titles in the newspapers are still not unified, and reporters and contributors often use their own names. In 1939, fan dimin, a reporter of Ta Kung Pao, was also the director of Yao shuijuan's Yueyin stage. Inspired by Li Bai's yuenv Ci, he also considered Shaoxing as the revival base for King Gou Jian of Yue to defeat Wu. Shengxian, the birthplace of Yue opera, was one of the Shaoxing families. He was also touched by Yao shuijuan's bold words: "I just want to sing louder, higher and farther." He wrote a manuscript for drama daily edited by Ru Boxun and published an article on the motivation and significance of "Yue Opera" for the audience. Since then, the advertisements of "women's drama" in newspapers have been changed to "Yue Opera", and after the founding of new China, they have been called "Yue Opera". After the founding of the people's Republic of China, under the guidance of the party's literary and art policy and with the efforts of Yue opera artists, Yue opera, with its sincere and delicate performance, euphemistic singing and beautiful lyric style, has won the welcome of the majority of the audience, promoted its own prosperity and development, and become a major national drama.
Chinese PinYin : Yue Ju
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