Shanxi is one of the birthplaces of Chinese opera art. Puzhou opera, which appeared in the Ming Dynasty, has gradually developed into four types of opera in Shanxi: puju opera, Jinju opera, Beilu opera and Shangdang opera.
In the process of development, Jinzhong folk songs, Yangko and other folk art rhymes are absorbed, with unique style.
There are Shanglu tune and Xialu tune. Shanglu tune is Beilu tune and Xialu tune is Zhonglu tune. After the Republic of China, Zhonglu Bangzi flourished, so Shanxi Bangzi specifically refers to Zhonglu Bangzi, and after the founding of the people's Republic of China, it was called Jin opera. In the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, the development of Jin opera was at its peak. At that time, there were many troupes and talented people, especially after the emergence of the first generation of actresses represented by Ding Guoxian, the art of Jin opera was promoted to a new stage.
Jin opera retains the impassioned artistic features of Puzhou Bangzi, while forming a subtle and delicate lyric style.
The origin of Zhonglu Bangzi should be in Xianfeng Period of Qing Dynasty. In the early years of Daoguang, Puzhou opera, which was called Shanxi opera at that time, revived again. The so-called "Daoguang emperor ascended Longting, Shanxi opera became fashionable again". Pubang went north and performed in Jinzhong and Taiyuan, which not only caused a sensation in Taiyuan, but also shocked Beijing. This also catered to the entertainment requirements of a group of wealthy businessmen in the Middle Road area, so they took the form of contract, Pubang troupe was invited to perform in the Middle Road, which was the beginning of the middle road rich businessmen to undertake the troupe, but the opera was still puju. The representative classes are Wanhe class and xiaopingyao class in Pingyao County, and Jiqing class in Jiexiu county.
In the early years of Xianfeng, Pu Bang began to fall into the cold, resulting in a relatively vacant period of drama activities in the Middle Road area. This was a great disappointment to the middle road people, especially the rich businessmen, who loved opera very much. Therefore, a few people began to invite the unemployed scholars, fans, Yangko and shadow puppet artists to organize discussion groups and plan to create their own drama. In the middle and later period of Xianfeng, after the efforts of many groups, on the basis of inheriting the rhyme of Pu bang and the classic points of gongs and drums, combined with the singing characteristics of Zhonglu Yangko, the rudimentary class of Zhonglu Bangzi was initially formed, and the pilot performance began. Among them, Yuci hidian class and Qixian Sanqing class are the most representative. Apart from the detained Pu Bang artists, Yangko artists and shadow puppet artists, there are also drummers, shop assistants, miners and fans.
Chinese PinYin : Jin Ju
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