Tuzu costumes, the folk custom of Huzhu Tuzu Autonomous County in Qinghai Province, is one of the national intangible cultural heritage.
The formation of Tu's costumes is influenced by ethnic origin, religion, living habits and folk culture. It can be said that the unique culture and art of Tu's costumes seen in China today is also the result of ethnic integration. Tu people have their own words, diet and costumes, and their costumes are similar to those of Tibetan and Mongolian people, which are fat, loose and colorful. Tu people like to wear colorful sleeves as beautiful as rainbow. The colorful sleeves are different from the colorful sleeves of rainbow. The colorful sleeves of rainbow are red (red), orange, yellow, green, green, blue and purple. The colorful sleeves of Tu people are red, black, yellow, green, white, blue and purple.
On June 7, 2008, the costumes of Tu nationality were approved by the State Council of the people's Republic of China and listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list, Project No. x-115.
The Tu people are mainly distributed in Huzhu County, Minhe county and Datong County in Qinghai Province, and a small number are also distributed in Tianzhu County and Honggu District in Gansu Province. Huzhu county is an Autonomous County of Tu nationality, and it is also known as the hometown of rainbow because the Tu people wear colorful sleeves like rainbow. (the sleeves of the Tu nationality are not as long as those of the Tibetans and Mongolians, and the sleeves of the Tibetan women's shirts are generally about 40 cm longer than other sleeves.) there are two main theories about the origin of the Tu nationality, one is "Tuyuhun theory", the other is "Mongolia theory". But a more scientific one is that the formation of the Tu nationality is not a single one, but the result of the long-term integration and development of many nationalities. The formation of Tu nationality's clothing is influenced by ethnic origin, religion, living habits and folk culture. It can be said that the unique culture and art of Tu nationality's clothing we see today is also the result of ethnic integration. Tu people have their own words, diet and clothing. Their clothing has similar characteristics with Tibetan and Mongolian people, which are fat, loose and colorful. In the past, the materials of Tu's costumes were made by their own people. Brown cloth with natural originality was the main material, which was combined with felt and fur to reflect the original aesthetic feeling. Now a large number of Han style modern cloth is used to make the costumes more extensive, but it has lost more original aesthetic feeling. The characteristics of Tu nationality's clothing are that both men's and women's coats have embroidered high collars and belts (Tu people call belts puser). Women wear colorful sleeves, shoes are generally black and white Yunzi shoes and boots, in clothing production with the unique pan embroidery and embroidery of Tu nationality. The dress culture of Tu nationality is a symbol of national culture, an embodiment of important information in the history of national development, and a symbol of age, gender and marriage.
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