Located in Shaocheng Road, ancestral hall street, Chengdu City, covering an area of 112639 square meters, it is a comprehensive garden integrating cultural relics and leisure and entertainment. The park was founded in 1911, and it has famous tourist attractions such as Jinshui Creek, goldfish island and bonsai park. It is a comprehensive park integrating garden, culture, cultural relics protection, patriotism education and leisure and entertainment. The park has one national key cultural relics protection unit and four municipal cultural relics protection units. Chengdu park is a national "AAAA" level tourist attraction.
The original name of Chengdu people's Park is Shaocheng Park, which was founded in 1911. The origin of Shaocheng park is directly related to the naming of Old Chengdu City pool. Chengdu City
The difference between the original big city and the small city was that when the emperor of Qin Hui in 311 BC, there were Taicheng (also known as big city) and Shaocheng (also called small city) in Chengdu.
The Republic of China
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), yinzhongxi (zichangling) planned to expand. In order to commemorate the victims of the road protection movement launched by Sichuan patriots before the revolution of 1911, Zhang Lan and Yan Kai jointly proposed to build a monument.
From the second year of the Republic of China to the third year of the Republic of China, in order to commemorate the martyrs who died in the road protection movement, the Sichuan Han Railway Corporation of the Republic of China built a memorial to the death of Baolu in the autumn of 1911 (now the key cultural relics protection unit in China).
In the third year of the Republic of China, the park was expanded, Yongji warehouse in the south of the park was demolished, and Jinshui River was led to the park by digging channels along the bridge. It flowed into the half bridge around the Heming Tea Club and lotus Pavilion (now the lake island). In the 13th year of the Republic of China, Yang Sen was in charge of Sichuan government, and invited Lu Zuofu, a famous industrialist, to Chengdu as the director of education.
From the May 4th movement to the Anti Japanese War, Shaocheng Park was the first choice for speech, performance, gathering and donation of various progressive groups in Chengdu.
In the 27th year of the Republic of China, a bronze statue was built in the east of Park (huxindao) to commemorate the bronze statue of Wang Mingzhang, the general of Anti Japanese Martyrdom (demolished in 1952).
On September 27, 28, and July 27, 29, the Republic of China, Shaocheng Park was bombed by Japanese aircraft twice. The exhibition hall, stadium, zoo and monument of Jinshi in the park were damaged, killing and injuring thousands of people.
In the thirty-five years of the Republic of China, Shaocheng Park and Chengdu library were changed to "Zhongzheng Park" and "Zhongzheng library", which were allocated for maintenance and slightly changed the old view. In 1949, Hu Zong stationed in the south of the park, cutting down trees, demolishing doors and windows, burning books, and plundering the park.
The People's Republic of China
On December 10th, 1949, Chengdu was liberated. Shaocheng Park was newly born and renamed "people's Park" the next year.
From 1950 to 1959, the party and government attached great importance to the construction and development of the park. In spring 1951, marshal Helong, then the vice chairman of the Political Committee of the southwest army, and then the director of the National Sports Commission, visited the park and made important instructions for the construction of the park.
In summer and autumn of 1952, the municipal government leaders Mi Jianshu and Li Jieren personally reviewed the park plan, and then they allocated three funds for renovation.
In 1965, the first phase of civil air defense project changed the Jinhe channel into the civil air defense channel, and filled the river channel from north to south.
In 1982, the west main road was expanded to change the riverway of the park side to the street, so that the park area was reduced to 145 mu.
From 2001 to 2003, the park took the lead in demolishing the houses of ancestral hall street, Shaocheng Road, Xiaonan street and Junping street in the city, and built an empty iron flower wall (transparent green). The park landscape was directly presented to the public. Xiaonan Street Primary School was divided into a park with an area of 155 mu.
Located at No. 12 Shaocheng Road, ancestral hall street, Chengdu City, covering an area of 112639 square meters, it is the largest open landscape park in the center of the downtown area.
It is subtropical monsoon climate, with an annual average temperature of 18 ℃ and annual precipitation of more than 1000mm.
As of 2012, there are many famous ancient trees in the park, including ginkgo, black shell Nana, simple trees, etc., and other trees up to 70 kinds.
Jinshui River is located in lotus pond at the foot of the west mountain of people's Park. It passes through the main gate and reaches the inner side of the east gate. The total length is 355 meters and the width is 6 meters. It is transformed from the original Jinhe River. It was started in 1999 and completed in August 2000. The bottom of the river is paved with smooth pebbles, and the river sides are made of large pebbles of different sizes. The main sections are pebble gentle slope into water, and the bank is also revetmented with pebbles. Along the coast, peach, willow, Pueraria, Begonia, Prunus, Ligustrum, privet, privet, Berberis and other plants were planted along the coast.
Jinshui River passes through a section of the park about 500 meters, with two bridges on it. In 1919, at the main gate (then the side gate), the south bank on the left side, the channel was dug to lead the Jinhe River to the garden, and then it was around the Heming tea house, and then flowed into the half bridge in the East through the lotus Pavilion (cash fish pond). In 1924, the river was led to the golden river at the entrance of Xiaonan street, and then it was transferred to the north and converged at the half bridge through children's paradise, lotus pond, zoo and East rockery.
Xinhai revolutionary road protection movement square
Xinhai square is located in the memorial square of Xinhai Baolu in the center of the people's Park, covering an area of 3000 square meters, a building of 110 square meters and a stage of 130 square meters. Originally, the metropolis (Chengdu) Entertainment Co., Ltd., which was affiliated to Hong Kong Jinsheng company, demolished the open-air dance ground in 1993 and built a new UA Metropolis Entertainment Plaza. Due to the incompatibility with the surrounding environment, the government funded the acquisition of 2004, in order to commemorate the movement of Sichuan Road Protection in Xinhai, Xinhai Plaza was newly built. The whole project was started in February 2004 and opened on May 1, 2004. In combination with the needs of the park environment, Xinhai square has produced the surface relief and the shallow relief of the tablet body reflecting the history of the revolution and struggle of Xinhai road in Sichuan Province.
Goldfish island and Yongju Tea Club
Jinyu island is located between the Heming Tea Club and artificial rockery waterfall in the east area. It is connected with the Heming tea club through arch bridge in the artificial lake. In 2004, the park developed and utilized goldfish Island, restored the "Yongju" historical old tea club, combined with the characteristics of tea tasting and fish watching in the old tea club, to create a cultural place for citizens to enjoy cool, entertainment, fish, fishing, watching and tea, and reappear the golden fish island landscape. There are more than 10 species of ornamental goldfish and precious goldfish on the island.
The early Yongju tea club history is close to the famous Restaurant Restaurant (near the "Purple Wei Pavilion" Today). In the semi colonial and semi feudal society, the social atmosphere is a semi open and semi closed society. also
Rockery square of Xindong gate
In 2002, after the planning and transformation of the old city of Chengdu, the old city houses near the east gate of the original people's Park and half bridge street of Chengdu City were demolished and relocated in 2004, and returned to the people's Park as green land for management. The green area of the park is expanded again.
The newly built landscape waterfall square and the east gate are located in the inner side of the east area of the people's Park of ancestral hall street, adjacent to banbian Bridge Street, covering an area of 10600 square meters, including 9000 square meters of greening and 1600 square meters of square. The whole reconstruction project was started in March 2004 and opened in December 2004. The waterfall is 43 meters wide and 12 meters high. It is a large artificial rockery landscape with 3000 tons of stone.
After the founding of new China, chairman Zhu De gave the park 5 orchids, 10 pots, such as Fujian, Zhejiang and other places in 1963. So far, there are 18 varieties of orchids in the park, more than 1200 pots. From 1965 to 1974, 14 famous varieties in the province were acquired year by year, managed by Huagong chensongru, without loss.
In 1986, Jianlan garden was located on the left side of the office, covering an area of 880 square meters. The front is a downwall ash wall, and the wall is inlaid with the flower windows of the leaky chamber with orchid and bamboo pictures. After entering the circular arch, it is a concrete shaped square pavilion with a water pool under the pavilion. The west of the pavilion and the orchid frame in the south of the pavilion are arranged in 28 varieties, including Junzilan and chandelian, More than 900 pots of orchid. This orchid garden is the largest orchid landscape garden in Chengdu urban park.
The bonsai Park of the people's Park is located in Shaocheng garden, south of the central part of the park, covering an area of 2600 square meters. It is equipped with rest corridor and lotus pool. The pond bank is piled up with rockery, and is equipped with winter wheat and azalea. The pond is equipped with water lilies, lotus, horseshoe lotus, parasol, calamus and other aquatic plants. The garden is lush with green trees, green bamboo and air shaking, and the environment is quiet. There are more than 200 pots of bonsai displayed throughout the year, including more than 20 basins of landscape bonsai and 180 pots of bonsai with stumps, mainly including elm, ginkgo, luohansong, bigwig, golden bullet, iron stalk Begonia and other ancient trees and pile heads.
The park has won the special award of China bonsai appraisal exhibition and is the treasure of Chengdu people's B.D. park.
The East rockery was built in the second year of the Republic of China (1918). At that time, the soil of digging channels was piled up, and a grass Pavilion and a wooden bridge were built, and then decoration was continuously added. In 1965, the first phase of civil air defense project changed the river channel under the rockery into air defense tunnel. Meilin, Yulan forest, cherry blossom forest, Taoli forest and Mingyue bridge in front of the rockery were all transformed into industrial lake. The soil excavated from the lake continued to pile up mountains. Li Zhongyu was responsible for the construction of fake mountain stones on the front.
In 1978, when building Binjiang Park, the waste soil was transported to continue to pile up the mountain, and the roads on the mountain were arranged, which lasted more than a month, and the cost was borne by the greening engineering team. So far, the whole East rockery is 130 meters long, 48 meters wide and 30 meters high.
In 1965, the first phase of civil air defense project was cancelled, and adult industrial lake was excavated. The whole lake is slightly gourd shaped, covering an area of about 20 mu. The ancient and elegant goldfish island and Yongju old tea house are located in the lake. Willow, hibiscus, Begonia, peach blossom and so on are planted along the coast.
East rockery and artificial lake are also the places for leisure and summer summer, boat boat recreation and leisure in Chengdu.
The West rockery was originally a large flower bed and spray pool. In 1971, the second phase of civil air defense project was built into an underground hospital, and the waste soil was piled up on the surface. In 1982, when the east-west trunk road was expanded, the municipal construction commission allocated a special fund to build the corridor, building, pavilion, spray pool and Panshan trail on the mountain. The artificial stone forest was built with mica containing rocks, and plum blossom, peach blossom, red leaf plum, stemmed Begonia, luohanpine, bamboo, camphor, etc.
Pillow flow tea garden
"Pillow flow tea garden" is one of the historical and old tea gardens in the people's Park, which is well-known with the Heming Tea Club. It was founded in the early Republic of China. Its original site is Haitang garden, west of Xiqiao, in the gate of people's Park. The pillow flow tea house covers an area of about 300 square meters, including the building hall, it has a floor area of 500 square meters.
Tea Club is located on the west mountain of people's Park, and is integrated with the green scenery of Xishan Mountain and the small peach blossom forest. Before liberation, most of them were Bachelor of Arts and students' gathering place. The reconstruction was resumed in january2003 and opened in May 2003. Therefore, the pillow flow tea garden is located on the West rockery on the side of the memorial to the death of Xinhai Baolu in the park, covering an area of 3120 square meters and a building of 267 square meters. The tea garden is lush, the spring water is gurgling, the birds and flowers are fragrant, the environment is quiet, the rocks stand up, the pavilions are stacked. It has both heavy historical characteristics and is a leisure resort in the downtown. Mr. weiminglun, a famous writer, personally inscribed the "pillow flowing tea garden" for the tea garden.
Pillow flow tea garden is a multifunctional modern urban ecological old tea garden which is a collection of tea art, Chinese food, snacks and chess and card leisure.
Chrysanthemum has a long history of cultivation, and it was recorded in the ancient books 2500 years ago. Chrysanthemum has high ornamental value, but also has practical value of edible, drinkable, medicine and brewed.
The fifth Chrysanthemum Exhibition, with flowers as the medium, met with friends and friends again, made new friends widely. Through observation, evaluation and comparison, and consultation skills, the research and application of chrysanthemum cultivation technology could be promoted and promoted to beautify the lives of urban and rural people.
Chrysanthemum Exhibition gathered more than 1000 kinds of national chrysanthemum boutiques, more than 200000 pots (plants). It is divided into nine exhibition areas, including exhibition area of each exhibition city, daliju exhibition area, modeling inulin exhibition area, cliff inulin exhibition area, variety Chrysanthemum Exhibition Area, bonsai Chrysanthemum Exhibition Area, flower art exhibition area, chrysanthemum painting exhibition area, and crowd competition flower exhibition area, with more than 20 scenic spots. At the same time, it also displays about 100000 chrysanthemums (plants) in public places such as roads, squares and small amusement parks in the city.
Lotus is one of the top ten famous flowers in China. The Sixth National lotus exhibition is sponsored by the China Flower Association and the general office of Chengdu Municipal People's government. The Lotus branch of the China Flower Association, Chengdu Garden Bureau, Chengdu Garden Society and Chengdu people's Park are organized. The exhibition was exhibited in Chengdu people's Park from July 10 to August 24, 1992. It is a national lotus exhibition event. This lotus exhibition is the first national special flower exhibition organized by our city. It is an important time to show the landscape strength of our city to the colleagues of the national flower and horticulture industry, introduce Chengdu to the people of the whole country and publicize Chengdu.
The park is located in the center of the prosperous city, with convenient transportation. It can be reached by bus No. 4, 5, 13, 14, 47, 29, 53, 64, 78 and 98.
Xiaonan street, Xinxi gate, can be reached by bus No. 93, 94, 29, 53, 98, 29 and 340.
The rockery square of Xindong gate, banbian Bridge Street can be arrived by bus No. 4, 30, 57, 98, 43 and 81.
Usually, it is free to visit the garden. During the flower exhibition, tickets are required to be purchased to enter the park. When there is flower exhibition, it is 12 yuan / person, and 8 yuan / person for major festivals. The certificate of old age, leave permit, military (police) certificate and disabled person certificate can be admitted to the park.
Tour guide route
From Zhengda gate to Jinshui River, directly to the Heming Tea Club, through artificial lake, East rockery to shaochengyuan Tea Club, Shuangquan building, Jinglan garden, bonjing garden, Da children's Park, West Green and recreational corridor, memorial to the death of Da Xinhai Autumn Road, and through Jinshui River, lotus pond, Shangxi rockery pillow flow Tea Club, finally, it is exit from the west gate of Xiaonan street.
From Zhengda to Jinshui bridge - (to Heming Tea Club on the left, Chengdu bell dumpling snacks in Ziwei Pavilion), to the right, to the memorial square of Xinhai Baolu - to the memorial monument to the death of Xinhai Autumn Road - and through Jinshui River and lotus pond, it can go to the West rockery pillow flow Tea Club - through the West Green Corridor - to reach ginkgo Pavilion. Through popular and popular people, the three old sites of Zhongzheng library cultural relics protection site - Jinglan garden, Bonsai garden --- directly to shaochengyuan Tea Club, Shuangquan building --- through artificial lake, East rockery --- to Jinyu Island, Yongju tea club --- back to the old tea Club of Heming -- and then through ziweige, famous snack of Chengdu zhongshuijiao --- Dashin East Gate rockery waterfall square --- is then exit from Xindong gate of banbian Bridge Street.
From the newly built east gate rockery waterfall square to the artificial lake, East rockery to Jinyu Island, Yongju Tea Club, and through ziweige, Chengdu zhongshuijiao is named as small -- through the old tea Club of Heming --- through Xinhai road Memorial square ------ to the memorial of the death of Xinhai Autumn Road ------ through the green corridor --- the ginkgo Pavilion, popular and popular, The three sites of the central library are cultural relics protection sites - directly to shaochengyuan tea house, Shuangquan building - Jinglan garden, bonsai garden - Da children's Park - through the West Green and recreational corridor - and through Jinshui River, lotus pond - Shangxi rockery pillow flow Tea Club - and finally comes out from the west gate of Xiaonan street.
Chengdu people's Park
Tongnan Bridge. Tong Nan Qiao
Luoshitan waterfall. Luo Si Tan Bao Bu
Xiaolong Village. Xiao Long Cun
Huatuoshan Park. Hua Tuo Shan Gong Yuan
Huangshan Furong Valley. Huang Shan Fu Rong Gu
Baiyun ancient cave. Bai Yun Gu Dong
Baizi opera Maitreya. Bai Zi Xi Mi Le
Celestite. Tian Zhu Yan
Taiwan Temple Art Museum. Tai Wan Si Miao Yi Shu Guan
Shanxia cave. Can Xia Dong
Sheep and lion screen. Yang Shi Mu
Changhaizi. Zhang Hai Zi