(records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine)
[synonym] xuejianchou (records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine), yatongcao, benshanjinxianlian and yatonghuang (Quanzhou materia medica).
[source] it is the whole plant of Tradescantia in Commelinaceae.
[plant morphology] Tradescantia
Annual herb, 20-50 cm high. The stem is much branched, fleshy, purplish red, the lower part is creeping, the nodes often have fibrous roots, and the upper part is nearly erect. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, 6-13 cm long, 6-10 mm wide, apex acuminate, entire, base embracing stem into sheath, sheath mouth with long white eyelashes, dark green above, green purple edge, purplish red below. Flowers densely on a bifurcate peduncle, with linear lanceolate bracts below, ca. 7 cm long; sepals 3, green, ovoid, persistent; petals 3, blue purple, broadly ovate; stamens 6, 2 hairy, 3 degenerate, and 1 filament short and slender, without anther; pistils 1, ovary ovate, 3-locular, style filiform and long, stigma capitate. The capsule is elliptic with 3 ridges. The seeds are triangular, semicircular and dark brown. It blooms in summer and autumn.
Most of them are planted in gardens.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn, dry or fresh.
[nature and taste] records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine: "it is light and sweet in taste, cool in nature and toxic. "
[Guijing] 1. Guangxi records of traditional Chinese medicine: "entering the heart and liver meridians. "
② Quanzhou materia medica: "four channels of liver, gallbladder, kidney and bladder. "
Functions and indications: promoting blood circulation, diuresis, detumescence, dispersing knots and detoxification. It is used to treat carbuncle, swollen poison, tuberculosis and gonorrhea.
① "Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "promoting blood circulation, hemostasis, detoxifying snake venom. It can cure snake blister, sore, snake bite, bruise and rheumatism. "
② "Quanzhou Materia Medica" says: "diuretic, antipyretic, Sanjie, Baidu. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh). External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[taboo] "pregnant women should not take it. "
[selected formula] ① for carbuncle and swelling: fresh purple Commelina communis and xianbazhang. (Quanzhou materia medica)
② Treatment of inguinal or axillary tuberculosis: fresh purple Commelina two Liang. Take it in clear water. Or add xianbazhang decoction. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Treatment of snake blister sores: Purple duck metatarsus leaves, decocting and washing. (records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine)
④ Treatment of all kinds of drenching: fresh purple Commelina 1 to 22. Take it with rock sugar. (Quanzhou materia medica)
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