Midnight refers to 23:00 to 1:00. Ancient fashion has midnight, midnight, midnight, midnight, midnight, midnight, midnight, Weidan, Weiyang and other nicknames. From 23:00 to 1:00 and 12:00, the ancients summed up and created it according to the natural law of the sun, the change of sky color, their daily production activities and living habits. It is not only a great contribution of the Chinese nation to human astronomy and calendar, but also one of the splendid cultural treasures.
Midnight, also known as midnight and midnight, is the first hour of the twelfth hour. （23:00-1:00）。 In China, midnight is the first time in the twelfth hour, and it starts from 23 o'clock to 1 o'clock at night. The day before 24 p.m. is the previous day, and the day after 24 p.m. is the next day. Rats are most active at this time.
The origin of early and late midnight.
People who study the Chinese calendar know very well that since ancient times, Zishi has changed the day at 0 o'clock (24 o'clock).
When Li Chunfeng formulated the lindeli calendar in the Tang Dynasty, he clearly pointed out in the new Tangshu calendar that "the ancient calendar is divided into two parts, starting from Ziban", and the beginning of a day is 0:00 (24:00).
Biography of Shangshu
In the Ming Dynasty, there was the concept of "midnight hour". Wang Kui's Li Hai Ji Li Shu (see "the miscellaneous categories of the complete works of Si Ku Quan Shu" or "the general introduction of the missing section of the integrated calendar and image dictionary of ancient and modern books"): there are many different opinions about the hundred engravings, but there is no final conclusion, the only one is that the category is excellent. He thought that he would get 60 points for every quarter, 6000 points for every hundred quarters, and 500 points for every twelve o'clock. That would make up eighty-two tenths for a moment. Cut the eighth quarter into four Chu Zheng, but divide the twentieth into ten Chu Zheng and ten Chu Wei According to Zhao Yuandu, each of the 12 o'clock is divided into eight parts, and 96 parts are divided into big parts. However, each of the remaining four parts is divided into 60 parts, and each of the four parts is divided into 240 parts. In each moment, another 20 parts are divided into small parts. In this way, each of the four parts is divided into eight parts, and each of them is divided into ten parts. Others who get ten quarters at midnight, nine quarters at midnight and four quarters at midnight are not However, the saying of yezishi is just before midnight, so it is called yezizheng. For example, the winter solstice is the beginning of the calendar, and it is also in November. It is because Yezi was after the time of Hai, so he had only the first engraving but not the first engraving. (these passages record how to use the method of "missing engraving" in ancient times. "Leaky engraving" is a timing tool, which measures the time by storing water in a copper pot and looking at the scale. The structure of "missing engraving" can be seen in "integration of ancient and modern books". The first paragraph and the second paragraph only define an hour equal to eighty-two tenths. In the third paragraph, the definition of other time is wrong. In the fourth paragraph, the definition of Zishi is wrong. It can be seen from the text of the fourth paragraph that the hour after Hai Shi (with the first time, without the right time) is "yezishi", that is, the hour from 23:00 to 01:00. Since there is the concept of midnight, it implies that a day begins at midnight, that is, at midnight. Otherwise, why divide the sub hour into two parts? In the lunar calendar, zero hour is the boundary and zero hour is the beginning of a day.
The earliest record
According to the records in the general catalogue of Siku, the predecessors thought that Wang Kui was from the Song Dynasty, but according to Ji Yun, they speculated that Wang Kui should be from the Ming Dynasty, and his thought was greatly influenced by Shao Yong. In short, before the Ming Dynasty, the term "midnight hour" already existed. In which dynasty did yezishi appear earlier? At present, no direct evidence has been found, which needs further research.
On the origin of Numerology
On the difference between time and midnight and prime time. Wan Yuwu said: at 12 o'clock in the day and night, there are eight major and two minor carvings. The total number of large engravings is 96, the total number of small engravings is 24, the total number of small engravings is 6, and the total number of quasi large engravings is 1. In the first half of the year, the big four inscriptions begin with Chu, the first one, the second two, the third three, and the last one is the small four. In the second half of the time, the big engraving was also called four, the beginning was Zhengzheng, the first Zhengyi, the second Zhengyi, the second zhengsan, and the last small engraving was Zhengsi. If Zishi, then the first half before midnight, belongs to yesterday, the second half after midnight, belongs to today. It is also like the winter solstice in November. When the first sun comes, it is the first ear of the way of heaven. The ancient calendar starts with two hours each time, but it is not as convenient as today's calendar. The world says that the prime time is nine minutes each, and the rest eight. "Xingping Dacheng" says: Yu Chu didn't know the word "one night", so he asked the prison.
A friend knows
Zizheng is not as late as it is today. Yezi, today's night is not today's morning. Looking at the Yin and Yang of the twelve zodiac animals, we can see that cattle, rabbits, sheep, chickens and pigs belong to Yin, and their hooves and claws are even, snakes are very Yin, and feet are missing. Tiger, dragon, horse, monkey and dog belong to Yang. Their hooves and claws are odd. The first two feet of a single mouse belong to Yin and four claws; the second two feet belong to Yang and five claws. Therefore, at midnight, they belong to Yin and at midnight they belong to Yang.
If you carry out the zero loan of luck and the breath of life palace, you should do so.
Wuji gives birth to Taiji and Taiji gives birth to Liangyi. Liangyi refers to Yin and Yang. All things have Yin and Yang, and the time is the same. Ziyinchen belongs to Liuyang in the afternoon of Shenxu, and choumao belongs to Liuyin in the afternoon of Youhai. Zishi is from 23:00 to 1:00, spanning two days, which should be the beginning of the first day of the lunar calendar.
Time of birth
Four pillars and eight characters
The biggest influence on a person is the month of birth, and the next is the hour. Because the year column is far away from the sun column, the influence of the year of birth on the chart is weaker than that of the month and the hour in the eight character theory. However, because we all know the zodiac, we will naturally pay attention to the effect of the zodiac in the case of the popular wisdom. However, the time of birth is related to a person For the rest of my life. If it is converted into the palace of Ziwei Doushu, the time column corresponds to the palace of children, the palace of servants and the palace of career.
Some people are unable to know the time of birth for various reasons. However, according to the following information, you can not only know your personality in heaven, but also help to identify the time of birth.
Born at the time of birth
Strong personality, impatient. It's easy to see things and to be uncertain. There's a great chance to provoke right and wrong. Parents and spouses help a lot. They have the ability to start from scratch.
Born at the time of birth
November 19, 1112 -- Wang Shipeng, a politician and poet of the Song Dynasty.
August 30, 1389 -- Xue Xun, a thinker, Neo Confucianist and litterateur in Ming Dynasty.
August 25, 1625 - Fei MI is a famous scholar, poet and thinker in the late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty.
September 25, 1711 - Aixinjueluo Hongli, Emperor Qianlong of Gaozong of Qing Dynasty.
October 17, 1746 - Hong Liangji, minister, Confucian scholar and writer of Qing Dynasty.
December 11, 1752 - Ye Shimao, an official of the Qing Dynasty.
Modern and Contemporary
December 20, 1748 - Ding Bingren, a popular novelist in the Qing Dynasty, wrote the biography of Yao Hua.
February 21, 1764 -- Ruan Yuan, an official and scholar in the middle and late Qing Dynasty.
August 30, 1785 -- Lin Zexu, Minister and national hero in the middle and late Qing Dynasty.
March 9, 1791 -- Liu Baonan, a scholar in the middle and late Qing Dynasty.
April 27, 1793 - Luo Bingzhang, a famous Minister of Zhongxing in the late Qing Dynasty, was an outstanding statesman, militarist, strategist and calligrapher, and one of the commanders of the Xiang army.
September 22, 1794 - Ding Yan, a emendator in the middle and late Qing Dynasty.
January 2, 1811 - Li Shanlan, a modern mathematician.
August 6, 1842 -- Wang Xianqian, a modern scholar.
January 24, 1856 - he gangde, a modern official.
August 14, 1871 - Aixinjueluo zaitan, Emperor Dezong Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, was the penultimate emperor of the Qing Dynasty.
Zishi passed away
September 23, 1694 - Ding Sikong, an official of the Qing Dynasty.
March 1, 1810 - Wu Shenglan, a calligrapher in the middle of Qing Dynasty, was the teacher of he Lu.
March 1, 1832 - sun erzhun, Minister of Qing Dynasty.
September 25, 1835 - Lu Kun, Minister of the Qing Dynasty.
Modern and Contemporary
October 2, 1840 - Dai Junyuan, Minister of Qing Dynasty.
November 3, 1855 - Liu Baonan, a scholar of the Qing Dynasty.
August 4, 1904 -- Wang Pengyun, an official and poet of the late Qing Dynasty.
Chinese PinYin : Zi Shi
Zishi. Zi Shi
1 a.m. to 3 a.m.. Chou Shi
3 a.m. to 5 a.m.. Yin Shi
5 a.m. to 7 a.m.. Mao Shi
7 a.m. to 9 a.m.. Chen Shi
9 a.m. to 11 a.m.. Si Shi
11 a.m. to 1 p.m.. Wu Shi
1 p.m. to 3 p.m.. Wei Shi
3 p.m. to 5 p.m.. Shen Shi
5 p.m. to 7 p.m.. You Shi
7 p.m. to 9 p.m.. Xu Shi
9 p.m. to 11 p.m.. Hai Shi