Li Peng (October 20, 1928 - July 22, 2019), from Chengdu, Sichuan, was born in Shanghai. He joined the Communist Party of China in November 1945 and worked in March 1941. He graduated from the hydropower Department of Moscow Power College of the former Soviet Union, university culture and senior engineer. He was a member of the Political Bureau of the 12th CPC Central Committee and Secretary of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 13th, 14th and 15th CPC Central Committee, the former premier of the State Council, and chairman of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National people's Congress.
At 23:11 on July 22, 2019, Li Peng, an outstanding member of the Communist Party of China, a tested and loyal communist soldier, an outstanding proletarian revolutionist, politician and an outstanding leader of the party and the state, died in Beijing at the age of 91.
|Chinese name||Li Peng|
|date of birth||October 20, 1928|
|Date of death||July 22, 2019|
|University one is graduated from||Moscow Power Institute of the former Soviet Union|
|Ancestral home||Chengdu, Sichuan|
|Time of joining the party||November 1945|
|working hours||March 1941|
Chinese PinYin : Li Peng
Comrade Li Peng came from a revolutionary family. His father died bravely when he was young. Influenced by his family in his youth, he took the initiative to accept revolutionary ideas and was determined to devote himself to the revolutionary cause.
In March 1941, he went to Yan'an to participate in revolutionary work, receive education in revolutionary theory and scientific and cultural knowledge, and joined the Communist Party of China in November 1945.
During the war of liberation, he responded to the call of the party organization and went to the front line. He successively served as a technician of Jinchaji electric power company, assistant manager of Harbin oil factory and Secretary of the Party branch.
In September 1948, he studied in the Soviet Union under the arrangement of the party organization.
After returning to China in 1955, he took the initiative to work at the grass-roots level. He successively served as deputy director and chief engineer of Fengman Power Plant, deputy chief engineer and director of dispatching Bureau of Northeast power administration, and director of Fuxin Power Plant.
From 1966 to 1979, he successively served as Acting Secretary of the Party committee and director of the reform committee of Beijing Power Supply Bureau, director and party secretary of Beijing Electric Power Administration Bureau.
During the "Cultural Revolution", he was impacted, but he adhered to the principle of party spirit, sought truth from facts and fought.
Since April 1979, he has successively served as vice minister and member of the Party group of the Ministry of electric power industry and Secretary of the Party group of North China electric power administration, Minister and Secretary of the Party group of the Ministry of electric power industry, vice minister and Deputy Secretary of the Party group of the Ministry of water resources and electric power. He creatively implemented the strategy of "electric power should be first" of the Party Central Committee, put forward the moderately advanced development of electric power, and promoted the construction of power stations and power production Great progress has been made in power grid management. He is an outstanding leader of China's power industry and an important pioneer of nuclear power.
In June 1983, Comrade Li Peng was appointed Vice Premier of the State Council. In September 1985, he was co elected as a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and a member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 12th CPC Central Committee. He is in charge of energy, transportation and key construction projects, participated in the research on the development policy of energy and transportation in the Seventh Five Year Plan, promoted the establishment of a comprehensive and unified transportation system and the reform of capital construction system, and accelerated the development of major technical equipment.
In November 1987, Comrade Li Peng was elected member of the Political Bureau and Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee. In the same month, he was appointed acting premier of the State Council at the 23rd Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Sixth National People's Congress.
In April 1988, he was appointed premier of the State Council at the first session of the Seventh National People's Congress. He resolutely implemented the policy of rectification and deepening reform, explored new ways and methods of macro-control of the national economy, and promoted China's economy to get rid of difficulties and enter a new period of development.
After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee in June 1989, as an important member of the central collective leadership with Comrade Jiang Zemin at the core, Comrade Li Peng held high the great banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents", thoroughly implemented the line, direction and policies since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, and worked hard for the development of the cause of the party and the country.
In October 1992, Comrade Li Peng was re elected as a member of the Political Bureau and Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 14th CPC Central Committee.
In March 1993, at the first session of the Eighth National People's Congress, he was appointed premier of the State Council again. After Comrade Deng Xiaoping delivered his southern speech, he actively supported, publicized and implemented Comrade Deng Xiaoping's ideas on reform and opening up, resolutely implemented the spirit of the 14th CPC National Congress, accelerated the reform of the socialist market economic system, expanded opening to the outside world, strengthened and improved macro-control, presided over the formulation of the Ninth Five Year Plan under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, and laid out a number of major national projects, Promote the sustained, rapid and healthy development of the national economy.
In September 1997, at the first plenary session of the 15th CPC Central Committee, Comrade Li Peng was once again elected as a member of the Political Bureau and Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee.
In March 1998, at the first session of the Ninth National People's Congress, he was elected chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.
In March 2003, Comrade Li Peng ceased to hold the post of chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. ***
Members of the 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th CPC Central Committees, members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, members of the Political Bureau and Standing Committee of the 13th, 14th and 15th CPC Central Committee, chairman of the Three Gorges Project Construction Commission of the State Council and chairman of the central institutional establishment committee.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the people's Republic of China, the State Council of the people's Republic of China and the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference solemnly declare: outstanding members of the Communist Party of China, tested and loyal Communist fighters, outstanding proletarian revolutionaries, politicians and outstanding leaders of the party and the state, Comrade Li Peng, member of the Political Bureau of the 12th CPC Central Committee and member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 13th, 14th and 15th CPC Central Committee, former premier of the State Council and chairman of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress, died in Beijing at 23:11 on July 22, 2019 at the age of 91.
On the morning of July 29, 2019, the auditorium of Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery was solemn, mournful and happy. Above the main hall hung a banner with white characters on a black background "mourning Comrade Li Peng", and below the banner was the portrait of Comrade Li Peng. Comrade Li Peng's body lies in a cluster of flowers and cypresses, covered with a bright red flag of the Communist Party of China. *** Hu Jintao sent wreaths in other places to express condolences on the death of Comrade Li Peng.
Relevant leading comrades of the party and the state went to see them off or express their condolences in various ways. Comrades in charge of relevant departments of the central and state organs, friends of Comrade Li Peng and representatives of his hometown also went to see him off.
On July 29, 2019, Comrade Li Peng's body was cremated in Beijing. In memory of Comrade Li Peng, the capital Tiananmen Square, xinhuamen, the Great Hall of the people, the Ministry of foreign affairs, the locations of the party committees and governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region, border ports, foreign sea and air ports, and the half flag of Chinese embassies and consulates abroad.
Li Peng's Diary of the Three Gorges, published in 2003
From start to development: Li Peng's nuclear power diary, Xinhua press, 2004
Legislation and supervision: Li Peng's Diary of the National People's Congress, Xinhua Publishing House, China democracy and Legal System Publishing House, 2006
Market and regulation: Li Peng's economic diary, Xinhua press, China Electric Power Press, 2007
Peace, development and cooperation: Li Peng's foreign affairs diary, Xinhua press, 2008
Li Peng on rejuvenating the country through science and education, China Electric Power Press, China Literature Press, 2010
Li Peng on sustainable development, China Electric Power Press, Central Literature Press, 2010
Li Peng on the Three Gorges project, China Three Gorges publishing house, Central Literature Publishing House, 2011
Li Peng on macro economy, China Electric Power Press, Central Literature Press, 2012
Li Peng on industrial economy, China Electric Power Press, 2013
Memoirs of Li Peng (1928-1983), Central Literature Publishing House and China Electric Power Publishing House, 2014
In August 1987, he won the gold medal of the United Nations Environment Programme.
On June 26, 1990, he was awarded the Grand Cross of Tavara, the highest medal of honor of the Peruvian house of Representatives.
On October 9, 1995, he was awarded the Grand Cross of the sun by Peruvian President Fujimori.
On April 10, 1999, he was awarded the "Pakistan Medal" by Rafik Tarar, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Father: Li shuoxun
Mother: Zhao Juntao
Madam: Zhu Lin
Son: Li Xiaopeng
Daughter: Li Xiaolin
Son: Li Xiaoyong
After working in the Central Committee, Comrade Li Peng also served as director of the National Education Commission, director of the Environmental Protection Commission of the State Council, director of the central special committee, leader of the national science and technology leading group and leader of the Central Foreign Affairs Leading Group. He devoted a lot of efforts to the fields of science and technology, education, environmental protection, diplomacy and national defense industry. He implemented the thought of "science and technology is the first productive force" and the strategy of giving priority to the development of education, vigorously promoted the reform of the science and technology system and education system, earnestly implemented the intellectual policy, improved the overall scientific and technological strength of the country, and transported a large number of talents for all fronts of reform and opening up.
He strengthened environmental management, improved the basic national policy of environmental protection and the strategic principles of "three synchronization" and "three unification" in practice, and made important contributions to initially embarking on an environmental protection path with Chinese characteristics. He resolutely implemented the independent foreign policy of peace, held high the banner of the five principles of peaceful coexistence, organized and participated in a large number of fruitful bilateral and multilateral diplomatic activities, and made important contributions to creating a new pattern of all-round diplomacy.
He resolutely implemented the principles and policies of the CPC Central Committee on the united front and the CPPCC, implemented the principle of "one country, two systems", and participated in leading the work of the return of Hong Kong and Macao. He played an important role in the scientific and democratic decision-making and construction of the Three Gorges project, and actively supported and promoted the development of China's manned aerospace industry.
Comrade Li Peng is an important pioneer, loyal practitioner and active promoter of China's socialist market economic system. He always adhered to proceeding from China's national conditions, correctly handled the relationship between reform, development and stability, comprehensively promoted the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, the financial system, the price system, the foreign trade system, the social security system and state-owned enterprises, stabilized rural policies, supported the development of special economic zones, and steadily promoted the transformation from the planned economic system to the socialist market economic system, It has played an important role in the initial establishment of the socialist market economic system in China at the end of the 20th century.
Comrade Li Peng is an important leader in the construction of socialist democracy and the rule of law with Chinese characteristics. As the leader of the constitutional amendment group, he presided over the drafting of the draft constitutional amendment, which was adopted by the National People's Congress. He established the guiding ideology status of Deng Xiaoping Theory in the form of the fundamental law of the country, and clarified the basic strategy of governing the country according to law, the basic economic system and distribution system in the primary stage of socialism, and the important role of non-public economy, During his term of office, more than 100 laws and relevant draft legal decisions were deliberated and adopted, which promoted the initial formation of a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics with the constitution as the core. Comrade Li Peng has deep feelings for the people, especially the people in need, attaches great importance to poverty alleviation, and is very concerned about the well-being of laid-off workers from state-owned enterprises.
Comrade Li Peng's life is a revolutionary life, a fighting life and a glorious life. It is a life of wholeheartedly serving the people and fighting for the cause of communism. His death is a great loss to the party and the state. ***
Comrade Li Peng is immortal!
Yang Jian. Yang Jian
Mao Amin. Mao A Min
Huang Zhenzhen. Huang Zhen Zhen
Tong Dizhou. Tong Di Zhou
Lu Ying. Lu Ying
Rubia. Lu Bi Ya