Liu Guangzu (1142-1222) was born in Yang'an, Jianzhou (now Jianyang, Sichuan). He was born in the 12th year of Shaoxing in Gaozong of Song Dynasty and died in the 15th year of Jiading in ningzong of Song Dynasty. He was 81 years old. In addition to Jiannan Dongchuan Jiedu Tui officials.
Zhao Ruyu said that Guangzu's expostulation was as intense as Su Shi's, and his compassion was as sincere as fan Zuyu's. He wrote ten volumes of Houxi collection. Zi: Duanzhi, Jingzhi, yizhi, Hongzhi.
Liu Guangzu, a Jinshi in the examination, was appointed as the governor of Dongchuan festival in Jiannan. In 1178, Liu Guangzu was recalled to the capital to talk about the restoration of lost land. He asked the emperor to follow Taizu's principle of employing people, and said: "we have to examine what the ministers said: on the one hand, if we don't consider our own strength and persuade your majesty to send troops easily and quickly, it will harm the country immediately; on the other hand, if we don't consider revitalizing the country and muddle along, it will harm the country It is a long-term harm to the country. " Liu Guangzu was recalled to the central court on the recommendation of prime minister Zhao Ruyu. After Song Guangzong ascended the throne, Liu Guangzu was appointed as a military officer and minister to Zuo Lang. Liu Guangzu impeached and dismissed Ye Zhu, the Minister of the Ministry of household affairs, and Shen Kui, the Minister of Zhongshu. He said: "in recent years, the scholar bureaucrats have become accustomed to (the status quo) not pursuing honesty and humility but fame and wealth, not honoring reputation and moral integrity but nobility, not respecting gentleman but mediocrity It's the best strategy to obtain by improper means. Now the trouble lies in not appointing and cultivating talents. As a speech officer, how can I be able to exclude and attack talents? " Liu Guangzu was transferred to be the junior minister of Taifu. After ningzong ascended the throne, Liu Guangzu was promoted to a living and sacrificial person. "There is nothing more important than that," he said, "the decree should be made by the Ministry of the Central Library and implemented after his Majesty's examination. The monarch is in power." Han kuozhou, who knew about the affairs of the cabinet, gradually relied on his power, so Liu Guangzu talked about them first. Liu Guangzu was promoted to "living man". Liu Guangzu and Zhu Xi both thought that the site of the tomb in Kuaiji mountain was thin in soil and shallow in water, so they asked for a new divination. Soon after, Zhu Xi was demoted to be in charge of sacrificial duties. Liu Guangzu said, "Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty was angry with Ji'an and Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty was angry with Wei Zheng for a while, and soon regretted it. Zhu Xi, who is well versed in the ancient sages' theories, is a learned old Confucian today, and is not comparable to Ji'an and Wei Zheng.
Chunxi five years, (A.D. 1178) called on, on the restoration of things, in addition to taixuezheng. In Guangzong's time, he served as a royal censor and discussed Taoism extremely. When he moved to Taifu, Shaoqing begged to get rid of him, except Zhimi Pavilion and Tongchuan transportation. After the official to show Mo Ge straight bachelor. Death, posthumous Wenjie. Guangzu wrote ten volumes of Houxi collection, and the biography of song history was handed down to the world.
History of the Song Dynasty: Liu Guang's ancestry
Liu Guangzu, a native of Yang'an, Jianzhou, was born in the name of Dexiu. When he was young, he came from his forefather Jia Hui. Later, he sent Ze to make up for his official position. When he ascended the Jinshi Section, the court said to him, "Your Majesty is too clever in observing, too strict in judging, too quick in seeking governance, and too happy in achievements." He also said: "Your Majesty is in charge of the ball and horse. Once there is a police officer, how can he personally supervise the war with the sixth division of Dong? Madame, you are in danger. I'm afraid that when the enemy hears about the ball and the horse, they will laugh at it. It's not enough to show their martial arts. " In addition to the Jiannan Dongchuan Festival officials, Tongchuan was set up to promote criminal justice.
In the fifth year of Chunxi reign, when it comes to the restoration, we ask Taizu to use people as the law. We also say, "you can't ignore the words of your ministers. First, if you don't measure whether you can persuade your majesty to make a sudden progress, you will lose your country today. Second, if you don't want to stand up and settle down, you will lose your country for a long time." Besides taixuezheng. He was also a professor of Wu and yiwangfu. He moved to school as a scholar, except youzhengyan and zhiguozhou. Recommended by Zhao Ruyu, called in.
When Guangzong ascended the throne, he was not only a military officer, but also a minister of rites. At that time, there was a royal censor Que in the palace. The top of the palace was strict with his election. He called the prime minister Liuzheng and said, "there are some people in the imperial court and the doctor." Shen Sijiu said, "is it not Liu Guangzu?" "It has been in my heart for a long time," he said
The reason of Guangzu's entering Xie is as follows
In modern times, if the right and wrong are not clear, the evil and the positive will attack each other; if the public opinion is not established, the private relationship will arise. The growth and decline of this solid road, whether the time is peaceful or not, is actually the misfortune and blessing of the country, and the survival of the country, which is also terrible. The scholar bureaucrats' academic comments in this dynasty are the most recent in ancient times. At the beginning, they did not have the skill of strengthening the country, but the power of the country was respected and peaceful. Between Xianping and Jingde, the way to the emperor's extreme, the rule of Taihe, as for Qingli, Jiayou Sheng. Unfortunately, it was worse than the heresies of Xi and Feng. They abandoned the orthodox scholars and recruited villains. Fortunately, Yuanyou gentleman came up and saved them. He was a big loser and had repeated accidents. At the time of Shaosheng and Yuanfu, the group of evildoers achieved their ambition and destroyed the cardinal principles. Their theories were successful and their potential was established. They respected and looked down on it. What can they say.
When I first arrived, I heard that there was a theory of ridiculing Taoism, but I didn't see the difference between friends. After six years of going to China, I have been worried about the differences between the two countries, and I am afraid that once the two countries meet, they will attack each other. If you come back, you can see the result. Because of the evil Daoism, it is the birth of a clique, because of the birth of a clique, it is the admonition of sin and loyalty. Ho ho, it's a crime to remonstrate loyally. How many sages are there! At the beginning of his Majesty's assumption of the throne, he ruled the country by the end of the arch. When he advanced or retreated, he used people's words. At the beginning, he had no personal likes or dislikes. He was not partial to the party. Within one year old, many of them were driven out, and many of them were good men. On the contrary, they used the private intention of their officials to make the day clear. It is often said that loyalty is a selling act. As for cleaning one's body and retreating, it is also called indignation. If you want to irritate the supreme, you must add criticism. At this point, it is appropriate to follow the principle of silence?
I want to put out the future disaster, so I am not afraid to repeat it. Fu Jisheng's heart is suddenly and forever the leader of the emperor. The right and wrong are decided by this, the evil and the right are separated by this, the public opinion is made clear by this, the private feelings are extinguished by this, the ridicule of Taoism is eliminated by this, the traces of friends are disappeared by this, the happiness of peace is gathered by this, the affairs of the country are justified by this, the happiness of the living beings and the happiness of the country are also. Otherwise, mutual stimulation and mutual victory will lead to endless disasters, and the officials will never know where to drive.
After reading the chapter, there are those who shed tears. After the impeachment, ye Zhu, the Minister of the Ministry of household, and Shen Kui, the Minister of Taifu and the Minister of Zhongshu, got together with Jinxi and made a plan to use it, saying: "since the beginning of the new year, the literati and bureaucrats have not admired honesty and tranquility, but have admired running and competing; they have not respected fame and integrity, but have respected knighthood; they have not enjoyed justice, but have soft music; they have not respected gentleman, but have respected mediocrity. Liang is an old man, but he is scattered and exhausted. Later generations advance late, and there is no basis for their discussion. There is no academic master. His theory is declining, and the style of scholars is not competitive. Fortunately, the imperial edict minister, the wonderful person, must belong to both the government and the public, virtuous and stupid people with respect to 10 or 20 people, participate in the wrong Dynasty, the country is strong. Although the minister has nothing to correct all his life, he has never been absent from office. Today's trouble lies in the fact that there is no cultivation of talented people, but there is destruction in the stage of admonishment, and there is no long-term maintenance in the temple at the beginning. Is it possible for a minister to fight in a place where he should speak? " Move to Taifu Shaoqing. In addition to Zhimi Pavilion and Tongchuan transportation judgment. The penalty was raised in Jiangxi and Kuizhou.
The emperor Guangzu wrote to Liuzheng, and Zhao Ruyu said, "it's better to work together with the sages. If you don't go to the palace, you can't go back to your private place. Lin and Chen Erwei, who had been convicted of serious crimes, made espionage day and night. It is appropriate to use the story of Han Wei Gong's Zhuren Shouzhong to explain the suspected slander of the two palaces. The minister should also take back his troops and lay them in his heart, so that he can have a fight in case of urgency. " When Wen Xiaozong collapsed, he wrote a letter to you to encourage you to settle the country and the country.
Ningzong ascended the throne, in addition to serving the censor, changed to the Secretary of agriculture Shaoqing. Enter into the right, offer "Jinshi" five proverbs. He also said: "there are six changes for human beings: destiny is easy to rely on, heaven is easy to be happy, nothing is easy to be safe, desire is easy to be extravagant, government is easy to be lazy, and age is easy to play. There are also six difficulties: it is difficult for a gentleman to advance, it is difficult for a villain to retreat, it is difficult for a bitter man to enter, it is difficult for a clever man to be far away, it is difficult to judge right from wrong, and it is difficult to decide whether to choose. What is easy for the Dark Lord is difficult for the light lord; what is difficult for the Dark Lord is easy for the light lord. " He also said: "Your Majesty, with the order of long Ci, practices Su's strategy. If you have to do something, you should bow and belittle yourself. You should be polite to the emperor, so that you can know the joy of releasing the throne, and then you can show your Majesty's great filial piety." On the creepy Gana.
Into the living room. On: "the decree should be written in the middle of the book, and your majesty will judge it. People are in charge of it, and there is no need for it." He was good at power and fortune, so he came first. He moved to the living room. Jiyi buxiaozong mausoleum, together with Zhu Xi, is called Kuaiji mausoleum. The soil is thin and the water is shallow. As for Xi and Ci, Guangzu said: "Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty was to Ji'an, Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty was to Wei Zheng, and Emperor Renzong was to Tang Jie. They were all temporarily angry and repentant. The way of Xi Ming's sages is an old Confucian, not a comparison among three ministers. Your Majesty was awarded a great treasure at the beginning of his reign, and he was the best one in the beginning of his reign. Now, if you go there without any reason, is that ok? " And said: "minister is not to help Xi, to help his subordinates also." If you don't pay attention, don't listen.
Liu Dexiu impeached Guangzu and was appointed as the judge of Hunan Province. He was in charge of the jade Bureau. Since Zhao Ruyu was not a prime minister, he was good at court, so he was imprisoned by the scholar bureaucrats. Guangzu wrote the book of learning in Fuzhou, which said: "the greatest learning is that the sage's way is to cultivate his body, while the world's way is false; the lesser learning is to treat the article to achieve his ambition, while the time's way is to treat the article as a disease. Likes and dislikes come from a moment, and right and wrong are determined by all ages. " Zhang Fu, the remonstrant official, was slandered and compared with Yang Yun, who was demoted to Fangzhou. For a long time, you can help yourself. Meizhou from the knowledge, reinstatement, Cao Li Road, not to learn the edge of the speech. He entered zhibaomo Pavilion and was in charge of Chongyou temple.
Wu Xi rebelled, Guangzu white sheriff, burned its list thoroughfare, and galloped to tell the commander-in-chief, supervisor of the well-known, fight righteousness, even balance to fight against thieves. When Russia heard of Xi Zhu, he wrote a letter to Yang Fu, a Xuanfu envoy. He said that he would camp in the fields. If the profits were returned to the Wu family the day before yesterday, he would receive the money from the Duke to save the military expenses. He would reward his honor and honor his death to arouse his loyalty. In addition to Tongchuan Road, the right to know Luzhou. He called you Wendian to repair and write and know Xiangyang Prefecture. He went to baomoge to wait for the system and know Suining Prefecture. He changed the system of Jing and Hu to set up envoys. He knew Tongchuan Prefecture by the direct scholar of baomoge.
The imperial edict was written by Min Yu, and Guangzu wrote: "nvzhi is the enemy of my life. The enemy of the death of heaven is to send her to death in Bian. Your majesty is the son of heaven. He doesn't know why he wants to. If heaven doesn't take it, it means abandoning heaven. If heaven doesn't abandon heaven, I will not be angry. Qing, Yun, Lin, Huiqiu
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