Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, referred to as "Xin", is the capital of Urumqi, located in the northwest border of China. It is one of the five ethnic autonomous regions in China. Covering an area of 1.66 million square kilometers, it is the largest provincial administrative region in China's land area, accounting for one sixth of China's total land area. The permanent population is 24.8676 million (at the end of 2018).
Xinjiang is located in the hinterland of the Eurasian continent, with a land border of more than 5600Km. It borders eight countries, including Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Mongolia, India and Afghanistan. It is an important channel of the ancient Silk Road in history. Now it is the only place where the second "Eurasian Continental Bridge" will pass, and its strategic position is very important. Xinjiang has 56 ethnic groups, mainly inhabiting Han, Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Mongolian, Kirgiz, Xibe, Tajik, Uzbek, Manchu, Daur, Tatar, Russia and other ethnic groups. It is one of the five ethnic autonomous regions in China. In the results of the sixth national census, Xinjiang ranks fifth in the proportion of the population with higher education in 24 provinces and cities. Xinjiang will fully implement the 14-year free education policy in southern Xinjiang, promote the 14-year free education in other regions, and gradually realize the 15-year free education in the whole region, that is, three years of preschool, six years of primary school, three years of junior high school and three years of senior high school.
In 60 B.C., the central government of the Western Han Dynasty established the capital guard of the western regions, and Xinjiang officially became a part of China's territory. In 1884, the Qing government established a province in Xinjiang. Xinjiang was peacefully liberated in 1949. Xinjiang autonomous region was established on October 1, 1955. Xinjiang has 14 prefectures, cities and 89 counties (cities), 33 of which are border counties (cities)