Tibet, or "Tibet" for short. Lhasa, the capital of Tibet Autonomous Region, is located in the southwest border of the people's Republic of China. It is one of the five ethnic autonomous regions in China. Tibet is located in the southwest of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, between 26 ° 50 ′ N and 36 ° 53 ′ e, between 78 ° 25 ′ E and 99 ° 06 ′ e, with an average altitude of more than 4000 meters, known as the "roof of the world". The land area is 120218947.91 hectares, accounting for about 1 / 8 of the total area of the country, next to Xinjiang in all provinces, cities and autonomous regions. At the end of 2018, there were 3.4382 million permanent residents.
Tibet borders Xinjiang in the north, Sichuan in the East, Qinghai in the northeast and Yunnan in the southeast; it borders Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Kashmir and other countries and regions, with a land boundary of more than 4000 kilometers. It is an important gateway to southwest China.
Tibet is an integral part of China's territory. Since the Yuan Dynasty, the central government has always exercised effective jurisdiction over Tibet. The Tibetan people are an important member of the Chinese nation. Tibet was called "Tubo" in Tang and Song Dynasties, "Wusi Tibet" in Yuan and Ming Dynasties, and "tanggute" and "thubert" in Qing Dynasty. Since Kangxi period of Qing Dynasty, it has been called "Tibet". On May 23, 1951, Tibet was peacefully liberated. After the Tibet rebellion was pacified in 1959, the central government began to exercise full and direct jurisdiction over Tibet. On September 9, 1965, Tibet Autonomous Region was officially established.
Tibet is famous for its magnificent and magical natural scenery. It has a vast area, spectacular landform and rich resources. Since ancient times, people in this land have created rich and splendid national culture