Sichuan, or Sichuan for short, is one of China's 23 provinces, the capital of Chengdu. It is located in the interior of Southwest China, between 26 ° 03 ′ - 34 ° 19 ′, 97 ° 21 ′ - 108 ° 12 ′ e, Chongqing in the East, Yunnan and Guizhou in the south, Tibet in the west, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai in the north.
Sichuan Province is located in the transition zone between the first level of Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the second level of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Plain in the three major steps of the Chinese mainland topography, with great height difference. The terrain is characterized by high in the West and low in the East, consisting of mountains, hills, plain basins and Gaoyuan. Sichuan Province is divided into three major climates, namely, the subtropical humid climate in Sichuan Basin, the subtropical semi humid climate in the mountain area in Southwest Sichuan, and the alpine cold climate in the mountain plateau in Northwest Sichuan. The overall climate is pleasant, and there are many long-lived townships, such as Dujiangyan City, Pengshan District in Meishan City, Changning County, etc., with more than 1000 people over 90 years old.
Sichuan Province covers a total area of 486000 square kilometers and governs 18 prefecture level cities and 3 autonomous prefectures. 54 municipal districts, 18 county-level cities, 107 counties, 4 autonomous counties, 183 county-level divisions in total. There are 353 streets, 2232 towns, 1929 townships and 98 ethnic townships, with a total of 4612 township level divisions.
By the end of 2018, Sichuan had a permanent population of 83.41 million, realizing a GDP of 4067.813 billion yuan. In October 2019, it was selected into the national digital economy innovation and development pilot area.
Names of 18 prefecture level cities: Chengdu, Mianyang, Deyang, Panzhihua, Suining, Nanchong, Guangyuan, Leshan, Yibin, Luzhou, Dazhou, Guang'an, Bazhong, Ya'an, Neijiang, Zigong, Ziyang, Meishan;
Names of 17 county-level cities: Jiangyou City, Langzhong City, Huaying City, Wanyuan City, Chongzhou City, Jianyang City, Xichang City, Shifang City, Pengzhou City, Emeishan City, Dujiangyan City, Qionglai City, Guanghan City, Longchang City, Kangding City, Mianzhu City and malkang city.
In 2018, Sichuan's permanent population reached 83.41 million, with a registered population of 91.218 million, and the urbanization rate of the registered population was 35.87%. The urbanization rate of permanent residents was 52.29%, 1.5 percentage points higher than that in 2017. Of the permanent population, 43.615 million are urban, 1.449 million more than 2017, and 39.795 million are rural, 1.059 million less than 2017.
Sichuan is a multi-ethnic settlement with 56 nationalities. Han, Yi, Tibetan, Qiang, Miao, Tujia, Lisu, Naxi, Buyi, Bai, Zhuang and Dai are the living nationalities in the province.
Sichuan is the only Qiang inhabited area, the largest Yi inhabited area and the second largest Tibetan area in China. Ethnic minorities mainly live in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Muli Tibetan Autonomous County, Mabian Yi Autonomous County, Ebian Yi Autonomous County and Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County. It is known as "the Second Tibetan area in China", "the only Qiang nationality gathering area in China" and "the first Yi nationality gathering area in China".
Yi nationality is the minority nationality with the largest number in Sichuan, mainly living in Liangshan and Anning river basins. Yi people have their own languages, languages and calendars. The torch festival is the biggest festival of the Yi people.
95% of the Tibetan population uses Tibetan and Jiarong, and about 40% of them have both Chinese. 95% of the Yi people use Yi language, and about 60% of them are fluent in Chinese.
The Qiang language is spoken by 70% of the Qiang people, and 70% of them are fluent in Chinese.
All ethnic minorities, except Hui, use their own languages.
Sichuan is a large Hakka Province in the West. Since the immigration movement of "Huguang filling Sichuan" in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, the largest Hakka dialect island in Chengdu Dongshan in the West with Longquanyi District as the core has been gradually formed. The total population of Hakka is 500000, which better retains the Hakka language family and life culture. In Sichuan, about 700000 people speak Hakka.
More than 85% of Luodai Ancient Town is the descendants of Guangdong, Jiangxi and minke families who immigrated from Huguang to Sichuan in the early Qing Dynasty. They still follow the Hakka customs completely and speak the Hakka dialect called "living fossil of ancient Chinese".