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Shaanxi, referred to as "Shaanxi" or "Qin", is the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China and the capital of Xi'an. It is located in the hinterland of China, the middle reaches of the Yellow River, Shanxi and Henan in the East, Ningxia and Gansu in the west, Sichuan, Chongqing and Hubei in the south, Inner Mongolia in the north, between 105 ° 29 '- 111 ° 15', 31 ° 42 '- 39 ° 35', with a total area of 205600 square kilometers. The geodetic origin of China's longitude and latitude reference point and the national time service center of Beijing time are located in the province.

The terrain of Shaanxi Province is high in the north and South and low in the middle, which is composed of plateau, mountain, plain and basin. The Loess Plateau accounts for 40% of the land area of the whole province. It crosses two major water systems of the Yellow River and the Yangtze River and three climate zones. Along the Great Wall in the north of Shaanxi Province, it belongs to the mid temperate monsoon climate, Guanzhong and most of the north of Shaanxi belong to the warm temperate monsoon climate, and the south of Shaanxi belongs to the north subtropical monsoon climate.

Shaanxi is one of the important birthplaces of the Chinese nation and Chinese culture. There are 14 regimes, including the Western Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang Dynasties, which established their capitals in Shaanxi.

By the end of 2018, Shaanxi had 10 prefecture level cities (including a sub provincial city), 30 municipal districts, 6 county-level cities and 71 counties under its jurisdiction, with a permanent population of 38644000 and a GDP of 2443.832 billion yuan