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Hunan Province, referred to as Hunan, is one of the 23 provinces in China, the capital of Changsha. It is bounded between 24 ° 38 ′ - 30 ° 08 ′ n, 108 ° 47 ′ - 114 ° 15 ′ e, Jiangxi in the East, Chongqing and Guizhou in the west, Guangdong and Guangxi in the south, Hubei in the north, with a total area of 211800 square kilometers.

Hunan is located in the transition zone from Yunnan Guizhou Plateau to Jiangnan hills and Nanling Mountains to Jianghan Plain. The terrain is horseshoe-shaped, surrounded by mountains on three sides and open to the north. It is composed of plains, basins, hills, mountains, rivers and lakes. It crosses the Yangtze River and Pearl River Systems and belongs to subtropical monsoon climate.

As of July 2019, Hunan Province has a total area of 211800 square kilometers, under the jurisdiction of 13 prefecture level cities and 1 Autonomous Prefecture. There are 36 municipal districts, 18 county-level cities, 61 counties and 7 autonomous counties, totally 122 county-level divisions. There are 403 streets, 1138 towns, 309 townships and 83 ethnic townships, totaling 1933 township level divisions.

By the end of 2018, the province's permanent population was 68.988 million, and the annual GDP was 3642.58 billion yuan. Among them, the added value of the primary industry is 308.36 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry is 1445.35 billion yuan, the added value of the tertiary industry is 1888.87 billion yuan, and the per capita GDP is 52949 yuan, an increase of 7.2%