Hong Kong, referred to as "Hong Kong", is the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the people's Republic of China. It is located in the south of China, east of the Pearl River Estuary, across the sea from Macao in the west, adjacent to Shenzhen in the north, and adjacent to Wanshan islands in Zhuhai in the south. The region covers Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, the new territories and 262 surrounding islands, with a total land area of 1106.34 square kilometers and a sea area of 1648 . 69 square kilometers. By the end of 2018, with a total population of about 7.4825 million, it is one of the most densely populated regions in the world, with the highest life expectancy in the world.
Hong Kong has been China's territory since ancient times. It was once a British colony from 1842 to 1997. After the Second World War, Hong Kong's rapid economic and social development has not only ranked among the "four Asian Tigers", but also become one of the richest, most developed regions in the world with the highest living standards. On July 1, 1997, the Chinese government resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was established. The central government has full control over Hong Kong. Hong Kong maintains its original capitalist system for a long time, enjoys a high degree of autonomy in all matters other than foreign affairs and national defense, and participates in numerous international organizations and conferences in the name of "Hong Kong, China". "One country, two systems", "Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong" and a high degree of autonomy are the basic national policies of the Chinese government.
Hong Kong is a highly prosperous free port and an international metropolis. It is also known as "New York port" together with New York and London. It is the third largest financial center in the world, an important international financial, trade, shipping center and international innovation and technology center. It is also one of the most free economy and the most competitive cities in the world. It enjoys a high reputation in the world and is rated as the third tier city in the world by GaWC.
Hong Kong is a place where Chinese and Western cultures blend. It combines the wisdom of Chinese with the advantages of western social systems. It is famous for its clean government, good public security, free economic system and perfect rule of law. It is also known as the "Pearl of the East", "food paradise" and "shopping paradise"