Guangdong, referred to as "Guangdong", is the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China and the capital of Guangzhou. Because the ancient place name is widely believed to the East, it is named "Guangdong". It is located in the south of Nanling, on the coast of the South China Sea, bordering Hong Kong, Macao, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi and Fujian, and across the sea from Hainan. It has jurisdiction over 21 prefecture level cities, 65 municipal districts, 20 county-level cities, 34 counties and 3 autonomous counties.
Guangdong is an important heritage of Lingnan culture, which has a unique style in language, customs, living habits, history and culture. Guangdong is also the most populous province in China.
Guangdong is the location of the ancient "Pangu state in the South China Sea". Archaeology confirmed that Guangdong had a high level of civilization in the pre-Qin period and was one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization. Guangdong is the South Gate of China. It is located in the shipping hub of the South China Sea. As early as 3000-5000 years ago, Guangdong has formed a trade circle with ceramics as the link, and its influence has been extended to the coastal and overseas islands by waterway. After the reform and opening up, Guangdong has become a front position of the reform and opening up and a window for the introduction of western economy, culture, science and technology, with remarkable achievements.
Since 1989, Guangdong's GDP has ranked first in China, becoming China's largest economic province, accounting for 1 / 8 of the country's total economic output, reaching the level of middle and upper income countries and middle developed countries. The comprehensive competitiveness of Guangdong provincial economy ranks first in China. In 2016, the number of high-tech enterprises in Guangdong reached 19857, ranking first in the country in total; PCT international patent applications led the country for 15 consecutive years.
Nine cities in the Pearl River Delta will join hands with Hong Kong and Macao to build the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, which will become one of the four major Bay areas in the world side by side with New York Bay area, San Francisco Bay area and Tokyo Bay area. In October 2019, it was selected into the national digital economy innovation and development pilot area.